Effect of pulsed electromagnetic field exposure on adenosine receptors in rat brain

Katia Varani, Fabrizio Vincenzi, Martina Targa, Carmen Corciulo, Milena Fini, Stefania Setti, Ruggero Cadossi, Pier Andrea Borea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Different effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) exposure on brain tissue have been described in pre-clinical models and in clinical settings. Nevertheless, the mechanism of action and the possible interaction with membrane receptors such as adenosine receptors (ARs) has not been investigated. The present study focused on the effect of PEMFs on A 1 and A 2A ARs in the rat cerebral cortex and cortical neurons. Affinity and density of ARs were evaluated by means of saturation binding experiments while mRNA expression was investigated through retro-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). PEMF treatment of the intact rat cerebral cortex or cortical neurons at 1.5mT mediated a transient and significant increase in A 2A ARs after 4h (2.0-fold increase) and 6h (1.4- and 1.8-fold increase, respectively) of exposure. In addition, PEMF treatment of the rat cerebral cortex and rat cortical neurons at 3mT upregulated A 2A ARs after 2h (2.0- and 2.2-fold increase, respectively) and 4h (1.6- and 1.9-fold increase, respectively). The treatment of rat cortex membranes with PEMFs at 1.5 and 3mT induced an increase in A 2A AR density after 2h (1.9- and 2.2-fold increase, respectively) and was constant at all incubation times investigated. In rat cortical neurons, mRNA levels of A 1 and A 2A ARs were not affected by PEMF exposure for the times and intensities used. These results suggest that PEMF treatment has different biological effects in whole organs or cells in comparison with isolated membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-287
Number of pages9
JournalBioelectromagnetics
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Adenosine receptors
  • Brain
  • Cortical neurons
  • PEMFs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Physiology

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