Effect of recombinant interferons alpha and gamma on human bone marrow-derived megakaryocytic progenitor cells

A. Ganser, C. Carlo-Stella, J. Greher, B. Volkers, D. Hoelzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Interferons (IFNs) have been shown to suppress the proliferation of human pluripotent hematopoietic progenitor cells, CFU-GEMM, and committed erythroid (BFU-E, CFU-E) and granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) progenitor cells. However, no information is yet available concerning the effect of IFNs on human megakaryocytic progenitor cells CFU-Mk. Furthermore the mechanisms underlying the inhibitory activity of IFNs are still controversial. Therefore highly purified recombinant IFN preparations, rIFN-alpha and rIFN-gamma, were assessed for their influence on in vitro growth of human bone marrow-derived CFU-Mk as well as CFU-GEMM. In addition, the role of hematopoietic accessory cells, that is, adherent cells and T lymphocytes, in the mediation of the suppressive effect of rIFNs was examined. When added to unseparated bone marrow cells, both rIFN preparations significantly inhibited colony formation with 50% inhibition of CFU-Mk occurring at 22 U/mL for rIFN-alpha and 59 U/mL for rIFN-gamma, while 50% inhibition of CFU-GEMM occurred at 59 U/mL for rIFN-alpha and 101 U/mL for rIFN-gamma. The suppressive effect of rIFN-alpha and rIFN-gamma was selectively abolished by monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) against rIFN-alpha and rIFN-gamma, thus confirming that the inhibitory activity was due to the rIFN preparations used. The antiproliferative effect of rIFN-alpha and rIFN-gamma on CFU-GEMM growth was not associated with a decrease in the percentage of mixed colonies containing megakaryocytic cells as assessed by use of the MoAb C17.28 against platelet glycoprotein IIIa. Removal of adherent cells and T lymphocytes from the target bone marrow cells had no influence on the suppressive effect of rIFN-alpha, whereas it significantly reduced the inhibitory effect of rIFN-gamma on the growth of megakaryocytic colonies and the other hematopoietic progenitors. The data indicate that: (1) human megakaryocytopoiesis is markedly inhibited by rIFN-alpha and rIFN-gamma, and (2) the inhibitory effect of rIFN-alpha is due to a direct action on hematopoietic progenitor cells, whereas the effect of rIFN-gamma is mediated to a significant degree through accessory cell populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1179
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume70
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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