Effect of sample volume location on Doppler-derived transmitral inflow velocity values in 288 normal subjects 20 to 80 years old: An echocardiographic, two-dimensional color Doppler cooperative study

A. Mantero, F. Gentile, M. Azzollini, P. Barbier, L. Beretta, F. Casazza, R. Corno, F. Faletra, E. Giagnoni, C. Gualtierotti, A. Lippolis, S. Lombroso, R. Mattioli, A. Morabito, M. Ornaghi, M. Pepi, S. Pierini, S. Todd

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Abstract

The aims of the study were to evaluate in a population of 288 normal subjects 20 to 80 years old (1) the normal values of the indexes of the mitral flow velocity pattern measured either at the tips of the mitral leaflets or at the annulus; (2) whether there was a significant difference between the values obtained at the tips compared with those measured at the mitral annulus; (3) the correlation with aging between the indexes measured in the two different positions; and (4) whether certain physiological variables have different effects on diastolic function measured in the two different positions. The highest values were always measured at the tips of the mitral leaflets (p <0.05); only atrial filling fraction, E acceleration time, and E deceleration velocity had higher values when measured at the level of the annulus (p <0.05). The A-wave peak velocity had the same mean value when measured at both the tips and at the annulus. A significant difference in the correlation between parameters measured at the tips of the mitral leaflets with age and at the annulus (with age) was observed for the following parameters: (1) peak E velocity, E integral, total integral and E acceleration showed better correlation with age when measured at the annulus (p <0.02); (2) peak A velocity and A integral showed better correlation with age when measured at the tips of the mitral leaflets (p <0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that age was the variable that had the most influence on diastolic function parameters; heart rate had less influence on the diastolic function indexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-288
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Mantero, A., Gentile, F., Azzollini, M., Barbier, P., Beretta, L., Casazza, F., Corno, R., Faletra, F., Giagnoni, E., Gualtierotti, C., Lippolis, A., Lombroso, S., Mattioli, R., Morabito, A., Ornaghi, M., Pepi, M., Pierini, S., & Todd, S. (1998). Effect of sample volume location on Doppler-derived transmitral inflow velocity values in 288 normal subjects 20 to 80 years old: An echocardiographic, two-dimensional color Doppler cooperative study. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 11(3), 280-288. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0894-7317(98)70090-2