Effect of severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction on hospital outcome after transcatheter aortic valve implantation or surgical aortic valve replacement: Results from a propensity-matched population of the Italian OBSERVANT multicenter study

Francesco Onorati, Paola D'Errigo, Claudio Grossi, Marco Barbanti, Marco Ranucci, Daniel Remo Covello, Stefano Rosato, Alice Maraschini, Gennaro Santoro, Corrado Tamburino, Fulvia Seccareccia, Francesco Santini, Lorenzo Menicanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective Despite demonstration of the superior outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) versus optimal medical therapy for severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction, studies comparing TAVI and surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) in this high-risk group have been lacking. Methods We performed propensity matching for age, gender, baseline comorbidities, previous interventions, priority at hospital admission, frailty score, New York Heart Association class, EuroSCORE, and associated cardiac diseases. Next, the 30-day mortality and procedure-related morbidity of 162 patients (81 TAVI vs 81 AVR) with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction ≤ 35%) were analyzed at the Italian National Institute of Health. Results The 30-day mortality was comparable (P =.37) between the 2 groups. The incidence of periprocedural acute myocardial infarction (P =.55), low output state (P =.27), stroke (P =.36), and renal dysfunction (peak creatinine level, P =.57) was also similar between the 2 groups. TAVI resulted in significantly greater postprocedural permanent pacemaker implantation (P =.01) and AVR in more periprocedural transfusions (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)568-575
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume147
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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