Effect of short- and long-term treatment with omeprazole on cell cycle distribution in the gastric mucosa: Results of a flow cytometric study

M. Valentini, F. Bortoluzzi, C. Cernigoi, G. Toffoli, E. Bertolissi, R. Cannizzaro, M. Sozzi, M. Fornasarig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Omeprazole may exert an effect on gastric mucosal proliferation by inhibiting gastric acid secretion and increasing serum gastrin levels. It may also influence the kinetics of endocrine cells and the oxyntic mucosa. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cell cycle in different gastric compartments following short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) administration of two different dosages of omeprazole by means of a flow cytometric method. We also determined serum gastrin levels at the same time. No differences in cell cycle distribution of the antrum, body, and fundus were found in the two different dosage groups after 1 month of therapy, considering the synthetic phase (S-phase) of the cell cycle. A statistically significant increase in S-phase was reported after long-term therapy in the mucosa of the fundus and body of the stomach in both groups. Gastrin levels showed no clear correlation with cell cycle distribution variables. We postulate a proliferative adaptation of the oxyntic mucosa to long-term drug administration not mediated by gastrin influence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-621
Number of pages5
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Cytometry
  • DNA flow
  • Gastrin
  • Omeprazole
  • Oxyntic mucosa
  • Synthetic phase (S-phase)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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