effect of supportive intravenous hyperalimentation on the nutritional status of cancer patients

F. Bozzetti, G. Terno, F. Baticci, M. G. Bonalumi, A. Scotti, M. Ammatuna, S. Migliavacca, H. Emanuelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of intravenous hyperalimentation on the nutritional status of 84 cancer patients treated at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, has been evaluated. The body weight increased in 78% of patients, mid upper arm circumference in 93%, triceps skinfold in 73%, mid upper arm-muscle circumference in 73%, creatinine/height index in 30%, serum albumin in 32%, transferrin in 35% and total peripheral lymphocytes in 38%. Lymphocyte blastogenesis increased in 74% of the patients examined and skin tests were converted from negative to positive in about 20% of patients. In addition 8 out of 18 patients responsive to IVH benefited from chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy indicating that the nutritional repletion of the host did not significantly affect the growth of the tumor. These findings support the opinion that neoplastic cachexia may depend partially on malnutrition and can often be reversed by IVH. Moreover, IVH might have an adjunctive role as potentiator of chemotherapy which however must be confirmed by clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-254
Number of pages14
JournalTumori
Volume66
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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