Effect of telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide vs lisinopril/hydrochlorothiazide combination on ambulatory blood pressure and cognitive function in elderly hypertensive patients

R. Fogari, A. Mugellini, A. Zoppi, P. Lazzari, M. Destro, A. Rinaldi, P. Preti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of telmisartan/ hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) vs lisinopril/HCTZ combination on ambulatory blood pressure and cognitive function in elderly hypertensive patients. A total of 160 patients, 76 men and 84 women, aged 61-75 years, with sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >90mmHg and 140mmHg were randomized to receive temisartan 80 mg/HCTZ 12.5mg o.d. or lisinopril 20 mg/HCTZ 12.5mg o.d. for 24 weeks, according to a prospective, open-label, blinded end point, parallelgroup design. At the end of a 2-week wash-out period and after 12 and 24 weeks of active treatment, 24-h noninvasive ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) was performed and cognitive function was evaluated through six different tests (verbal fluency, Boston naming test, word-list memory, word-list recall, wordlist recognition and Trails B). Both treatments significantly reduced ambulatory BP. However, the telmisartan/HCTZ combination produced a greater reduction in 24-h, day-time and night time ABPM values. Lisinopril/HCTZ did not induce significant changes in any of the cognitive function test scores at any time of the study, whereas at both 12 and 24 weeks telmisartan/HCTZ significantly improved the word-list memory score (+17.1 and +15.7%, respectively, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-185
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Cognitive functions
  • Hypertensive elderly
  • Lisinopril/HCTZ
  • Telmisartan/HCTZ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this