Effect of the amyloidogenic L75P apolipoprotein A-I variant on HDL subpopulations

Monica Gomaraschi, Laura Obici, Sara Simonelli, Gina Gregorini, Alessandro Negrinelli, Giampaolo Merlini, Guido Franceschini, Laura Calabresi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Hereditary amyloidosis due to mutations of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is a rare disease characterized by the deposition of amyloid fibrils constituted by the N-terminal fragment of apoA-I in several organs. L75P is a variant of apoA-I associated with systemic amyloidosis predominantly involving the liver, kidneys, and testis, identified in a large number of unrelated subjects. Objective of the present paper was to evaluate the impact of the L75P apoA-I variant on HDL subpopulations and cholesterol esterification in carriers. Methods and results: Plasma samples were collected from 30 carriers of the amyloidogenic L75P apoA-I (Carriers) and from 15 non affected relatives (Controls). Carriers displayed significantly reduced plasma levels of HDL-cholesterol, apoA-I, and apoA-II compared to Controls. Plasma levels of LpA-I, but not LpA-I:A-II, were significantly reduced in Carriers. HDL subclass distribution was not affected by the presence of the variant. The unesterified to total cholesterol ratio was higher, and cholesterol esterification rate and LCAT activity were lower in Carriers than in Controls. Conclusions: The L75P apoA-I variant is associated with hypoalphalipoproteinemia, a selective reduction of LpA-I particles, and a partial defect in cholesterol esterification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1262-1265
Number of pages4
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume412
Issue number13-14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 11 2011

Keywords

  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • HDL subpopulations
  • High density lipoproteins
  • LCAT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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    Gomaraschi, M., Obici, L., Simonelli, S., Gregorini, G., Negrinelli, A., Merlini, G., Franceschini, G., & Calabresi, L. (2011). Effect of the amyloidogenic L75P apolipoprotein A-I variant on HDL subpopulations. Clinica Chimica Acta, 412(13-14), 1262-1265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2011.03.027