Effect of the route and mode of agonist delivery on functional behaviour of the airways

Francesco G. Salerno, Mara S. Ludwig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is evidence that the mode of smooth muscle agonist delivery affects the changes induced in lung mechanical properties. The object of this investigation was to study modifications in airway behaviour associated with different modes of agonist delivery. Tracheal (Ptr) and alveolar pressure (PA) and flow (V̇) were measured in open-chested, mechanically ventilated (f = 1 Hz, VT = 10 ml/kg, PEEP = 4 cm H2O) rats under baseline conditions and during administration of repeated intravenous (iv) bolus, iv continuous infusion and aerosols of methacholine (MCh). We calculated lung elastance (EL) and lung resistance (RL) by fitting the equation of motion to changes in Ptr and V̇. We assessed the patency of the airway pathways and local dynamic hyperinflation by comparing Ptr vs PA. Comparison of the three different modes of MCh delivery showed a difference in the functional behaviour of the airways. In the aerosol group a larger incidence of highly constricted airways was observed. Conversely, the iv groups showed a larger incidence of regional dynamic hyperinflation. In the bolus group a different time course in the development of dynamic hyperinflation was observed for different pathways within the same animal. For consecutive challenges a given pathway tended to behave in the same manner, suggesting the response was characteristic for that pathway. In this study we have shown that, even though different airway pathways show different intrinsic reactivity, the mode of agonist delivery plays a role in determining functional airway behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-80
Number of pages10
JournalRespiration Physiology
Volume106
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996

Keywords

  • Airways, smooth muscle
  • Mammals, rat
  • Mechanics of breathing, tracheal, alveolar pressure
  • Pharmacological agents, methacholine
  • Pressure, alveolar, tracheal
  • Smooth muscle agonists
  • Smooth muscle, tracheal, agonist delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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