Effect of thermal cycling and low pressure sandblasting on the bond strength of a self-adhesive cement to Y-TZP zirconia

Dino Re, Gabriele Augusti, Giuseppe Merlati, Aldo Bruno Giannì, Davide Augusti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to assess the influence of several surface treatments on the shear bond strength (SBS) of a self-adhesive resin cement containing 10-methacryloxydecyl-dihydrogenphosphate monomer to densely sintered zirconia ceramic, before and after thermal cycles. Hundred densely sintered zirconia cylinders were divided into five groups (n = 20). Each of them received a different surface treatment: (1) control [No-T], with the zirconia surface unconditioned, (2) low pressure air abrasion [Sand-S], (50 m, 1 bar), (3) standardized air abrasion [Sand-H], (50 m, 2.8 bar), (4) standardized Rocatec™ Plus (silica-coated alumina oxide) air abrasion (2.8 bar) and silanization [Roc-H], (5) low pressure Rocatec™ Plus (silica-coated alumina oxide) air abrasion (1 bar) and silanization [Roc-S]. Five more surface-treated specimens were addressed to scanning electron microscope for qualitative observations. After specimen fabrication, subgroups of 10 bonded samples were stored in water either for 24 h (T1) or subjected to 5000 thermal cycles (T2); SBSs were determined with a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. At T1, mean SBSs (MPa) obtained for the examined groups were: [Sand-H] 16.24 ± 2.95; [Sand-S] 16.01 ± 2.68; [Roc-H] 17.17 ± 1.64; [Roc-S] 15.92 ± 1.99. All surface treatments positively affected (p <0.05) the initial self-adhesive cement adhesion to zirconia with respect to No-T (13.29 MPa). Artificial aging decreased the bond strength in all test groups significantly, but no spontaneous debonding was observed in [No-T]: at T2, SBS values ranged from 7.76 ± 2.37 (No-T) to 8.89 ± 1.74 (Sand-S), with no statistically significant difference between groups (p = 0.5293). Both air abrasion with alumina oxide and Rocatec™ universal bonding system, used with hard or low air pressure, produced comparable effects on cement-zirconia interface before and after thermal cycles. After artificial aging, minimal differences in bond strength values between sandblasted and control groups were not of statistical significance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1745-1757
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
Volume29
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 18 2015

Fingerprint

Bond strength (materials)
Thermal cycling
cements
zirconium oxides
Zirconia
abrasion
adhesives
Adhesives
Cements
Abrasion
low pressure
sands
Sand
cycles
Aluminum Oxide
air
Air
surface treatment
Oxides
Surface treatment

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • sandblasting
  • self-adhesive cement
  • surface treatments
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Effect of thermal cycling and low pressure sandblasting on the bond strength of a self-adhesive cement to Y-TZP zirconia. / Re, Dino; Augusti, Gabriele; Merlati, Giuseppe; Giannì, Aldo Bruno; Augusti, Davide.

In: Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol. 29, No. 16, 18.08.2015, p. 1745-1757.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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