Effect of thermosetting gel with Doxycycline Hyclate 3% + Ketorolac Tromethamine 0.5% on postoperative discomfort after third molar surgery: A prospective randomized study

Giampietro Farronato, G. Cossellu, A. Miani, G. Ceschel, M. Tremolati, V. Picozzi, F. Angiero

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Abstract

This study compared the analgesic and anti-inflammatory efficacy of intra-alveolar administration of a thermosetting gel containing Doxycycline Hyclate 3% + Ketorolac Tromethamine 0.5% (Tg-DHKT) (Thermosetting gel, Monteresearch, Bollate, Italy) on patient discomfort after third molar surgery. This study was a single-blind, randomized clinical trial, including two study groups of 39 and 41 patients each, who required surgical removal of a single mandibular impacted third molar. After the extraction the test group received an intra-alveolar injection with Tg-DHKT and the second group a thermosetting gel containing only Doxycycline Hyclate 3% (Tg-DH). Each patient's symptoms (pain, swelling, reddening, bleeding and body temperature) was assessed with a follow-up questionnaire (PoSSe scale). Nimesulide 100 mg, a painkiller, every 8 hours was prescribed to the Control and Test groups if necessary (maximum 3 doses); if they needed to assume it they were asked to mark it on the questionnaire. Results showed that on the second day after surgery pain, oedema and reddening decreased faster in the Control group (Tg-DH). There was no difference between the two groups when postoperative bleeding was evaluated. In both groups bleeding decreased in the same way, probably due to the mechanical characteristics of the gel itself. 46% of patients of the Test group did not require to take any painkiller at home. Our data demonstrate that the use of Tg-DHKT is less effective in the prevention of postoperative symptoms after third molar extraction compared to Tg-DH. However, almost half of patients in the Test group did not need to take more pain medication at home, suggesting that a single postoperative local administration of Tg-DHKT is a safe and effective concept for controlling pain, oedema and inflammation after third molar extraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Inflammation
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • Doxycycline
  • Post-operative discomfort
  • Thermosetting gel
  • Third molar surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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