Effect of Transcatheter Mitral Annuloplasty With the Cardioband Device on 3-Dimensional Geometry of the Mitral Annulus

Mani Arsalan, Eustachio Agricola, Ottavio Alfieri, Stephan Baldus, Antonio Colombo, Giovanni Filardo, Christophe Hammerstingl, Michael Huntgeburth, Felix Kreidel, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Giovanni LaCanna, David Messika-Zeitoun, Francesco Maisano, Georg Nickenig, Benjamin D. Pollock, Bradley J. Roberts, Alec Vahanian, Paul A. Grayburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study was performed to assess the acute intraprocedural effects of transcatheter direct mitral annuloplasty using the Cardioband device on 3-dimensional (3D) anatomy of the mitral annulus. Of 45 patients with functional mitral regurgitation (MR) enrolled in a single arm, multicenter, prospective trial, 22 had complete pre- and post-implant 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) images stored in native data format that allowed off-line 3D reconstruction. Images with the highest volume rate and best image quality were selected for analysis. Multiple measurements of annular geometry were compared from baseline to post-implant using paired t tests with Bonferroni correction to account for multiple comparisons. The device was successfully implanted in all patients, and MR was reduced to moderate in 2 patients, mild in 17 patients, and trace in 3 patients after final device cinching. Compared with preprocedural TEE, postprocedural TEE showed statistically significantly reductions in annular circumference (137 ± 15 vs 128 ± 17 mm; p = 0.042), intercommissural distance (42.4 ± 4.3 vs 38.6 ± 4.4 mm; p = 0.029), anteroposterior distance (40.0 ± 5.4 vs 37.0 ± 5.7 mm; p = 0.025), and aortic-mitral angle (117 ± 8° vs 112 ± 8° p = 0.032). This study demonstrates that transcatheter direct mitral annuloplasty with the Cardioband device results in acute remodeling of the mitral annulus with successful reduction of functional MR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)744 - 749
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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