Effect of ubiquinol supplementation on biochemical and oxidative stress indexes after intense exercise in young athletes

Patrick Orlando, Sonia Silvestri, Roberta Galeazzi, Roberto Antonicelli, Fabio Marcheggiani, Ilenia Cirilli, Tiziana Bacchetti, Luca Tiano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Physical exercise significantly impacts the biochemistry of the organism. Ubiquinone is a key component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and ubiquinol, its reduced and active form, is an emerging molecule in sport nutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ubiquinol supplementation on biochemical and oxidative stress indexes after an intense bout of exercise.

METHODS: 21 male young athletes (26 + 5 years of age) were randomized in two groups according to a double blind cross-over study, either supplemented with ubiquinol (200 mg/day) or placebo for 1 month. Blood was withdrawn before and after a single bout of intense exercise (40 min run at 85% maxHR). Physical performance, hematochemical parameters, ubiquinone/ubiquinol plasma content, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, mitochondrial membrane depolarization, paraoxonase activity and oxidative DNA damage were analyzed.

RESULTS: A single bout of intense exercise produced a significant increase in most hematochemical indexes, in particular CK and Mb while, on the contrary, normalized coenzyme Q10 plasma content decreased significantly in all subjects. Ubiquinol supplementation prevented exercise-induced CoQ deprivation and decrease in paraoxonase activity. Moreover at a cellular level, in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, ubiquinol supplementation was associated with a significant decrease in cytosolic ROS while mitochondrial membrane potential and oxidative DNA damage remained unchanged.

DISCUSSION: Data highlights a very rapid dynamic of CoQ depletion following intense exercise underlying an increased demand by the organism. Ubiquinol supplementation minimized exercise-induced depletion and enhanced plasma and cellular antioxidant levels but it was not able to improve physical performance indexes or markers of muscular damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-145
Number of pages10
JournalRedox report : communications in free radical research
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

Keywords

  • Intense exercise
  • mitochondrial function
  • oxidative stress
  • paraoxonase activity
  • peripheral blood mononuclear cells
  • physical performance
  • reactive oxygen species
  • ubiquinol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry, medical

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