Effect of Vinorelbine on cell growth and apoptosis induction in human osteosarcoma in vitro

Laura Roncuzzi, Gianpiero Marti, Daniela Baiocchi, Rosalba Del Coco, Stefania Cocchi, Anna Gasperi-Campani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vinorelbine (VNR) is a semi-synthetic vinca alkaloid known to exert its antitumour activity by interfering with the polymerisation of tubulin. It has shown a broad spectrum of activity in some advanced carcinomas of lung, breast and ovary. This report demonstrates for the first time the antiproliferative effect of VNR and its molecular mechanism in human osteosarcoma in vitro. TP53 wild-type HOS cells and TP53 mutated MG-63 cells were chosen for this study. In each cell line, VNR caused a significant dose- and time-dependent growth inhibition and induced apoptotic death independent of TP53 status. Phosphorylation and/or alteration of Bcl-2 were not induced by VNR, thereby indicating a new pathway utilised by the drug to induce apoptosis in this tumour in vitro. VNR produced a down-regulation of cyclin D1 and an upregulation of p53 expression in TP53 wild-type HOS cells, whereas no alteration in cyclin D1 expression was evident in the TP53 negative MG-63 cells. These data suggest a new potential use for Vinorelbine as a therapeutic agent against human osteosarcoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalOncology Reports
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cyclin D1
  • Osteosarcoma
  • p53
  • Vinorelbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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