Effect of zinc supplementation on plasma IL-6 and MCP-1 production and NK cell function in healthy elderly: Interactive influence of +647 MT1a and -174 IL-6 polymorphic alleles

Erminia Mariani, Simona Neri, Luca Cattini, Eugenio Mocchegiani, Marco Malavolta, George V. Dedoussis, Stavroula Kanoni, Lothar Rink, Jolanta Jajte, Andrea Facchini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pro-inflammatory cytokine response and NK activity are controlled by the availability of zinc ion, whose intra-cellular transport is regulated by metallothioneins. In order to closely examine the importance of circulating zinc in the modulation of immune response during ageing, in the balance of Th2/Th1 equilibrium and finally in the reversibility of systemic low grade inflammation, we evaluated the changes occurring in plasma IL-6 and MCP-1 concentrations and NK lytic activity in a healthy low grade inflamed elderly population, following zinc-aspartate supplementation. In addition, we aimed to highlight the potential interaction among circulating zinc increments, changes in immunological parameters and +647 MT1a and -174 IL-6 polymorphic alleles. Thirty-nine healthy individuals (60-83 years) from the ZINCAGE cohort (previously typed for +647 MT1a and -174 IL-6 polymorphisms) were supplied with zinc-aspartate. Blood samples collected before and after supplementation underwent basal laboratory determinations (circulating zinc, albumin and C-reactive protein) and immunological studies (plasma IL-6 and MCP-1 and NK lytic activity). Zinc supplementation in subjects with low or borderline-normal circulating zinc increased the concentration of this ion and modulated plasmatic IL-6 and MCP-1 as well as NK lytic activity. An interactive effect of polymorphic alleles of MT1a and IL-6 genes on zinc, IL-6, MCP-1 and NK activity was evidenced following supplementation, indicating the genetic background as one of the determinants for identifying groups of subjects that can take advantage of therapeutic intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-471
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • +647 MT1a polymorphism
  • -174 IL-6 polymorphism
  • Elderly
  • IL-6
  • MCP-1
  • NK lytic activity
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Medicine(all)

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