Background: Recent studies investigating the single cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 allele*2A reported an association with the response to drug treatments. More genetic data can be obtained, however, by high-throughput based-technologies. Aim of this study is the high-throughput analysis of the CYP2D6 polymorphisms to evaluate its effectiveness in the identification of patient responders/non-responders to CYP2D6-metabolized drugs. Methods: An attempt to compare our results with those previously obtained with the standard analysis of CYP2D6 allele*2A was also made. Sixty blood samples from patients treated with CYP2D6-metabolized drugs previously genotyped for the allele CYP2D6*2A, were analyzed for the CYP2D6 polymorphisms with the AutoGenomics INFINITI™ CYP4502D6-I assay on the AutoGenomics INFINITI™ analyzer. Results: A higher frequency of mutated alleles in responder than in non-responder patients (75.38% vs 43.48%; p = 0.015) was observed. Thus, the presence of a mutated allele of CYP2D6 was associated with a response to CYP2D6-metabolized drugs (OR = 4.044 (1.348 - 12.154). No difference was observed in the distribution of allele*2A (p = 0.320). Conclusions: The high-throughput genetic analysis of the CYP2D6 polymorphisms better discriminate responders/non-responders with respect to the standard analysis of the CYP2D6 allele*2A. A high-throughput genetic assay of the CYP2D6 may be useful to identify patients with different clinical responses to CYP2D6-metabolized drugs.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
- Cytochrome P4502D6
- Genetic analysis
- High-throughput analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)