Effectiveness of a home-based strengthening program for elderly males in Italy. A preliminary study

P. Capodaglio, M. Facioli, E. Burroni, A. Giordano, A. Ferri, G. Scaglioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aims: The practice of regular physical exercise has been shown to be effective in slowing the age-related progressive functional deterioration. Most exercise trials have been conducted with supervised training programs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a 4-month home-based strength training on strength, function and personal satisfaction. Methods: Ten elderly men (mean age 68.5 years) were enrolled for home-based training one month after completing a 4-month supervised program; 12 age-matched men served as the control group. Subjects were asked to perform 3 sessions a week consisting of six resistance exercises with elastic bands involving the major muscle groups of the upper and lower limbs. We had calculated the correlation between the elongation and resistance of the elastic bands. The subjects were instructed to keep a diary reporting the execution of the session. We measured dynamic concentric strength of the muscle groups involved in the resistance exercises and maximal isometric strength of the knee extensors and elbow flexors before and after the 4-month home training. The Satisfaction Profile (SAT-P) questionnaire was administered before and one month after the completion of the training program for assessing personal satisfaction. Results: The final to baseline comparison showed a non-significant decrease in mean isometric maximal strength values for knee extensors and elbow flexors in the control group, while the exercise group significantly (p=0.001) improved the average baseline values. Maximal dynamic concentric strength values decreased significantly in the control group, while significant improvements were observed in the exercising subjects. The SAT-P questionnaire did not show any difference in either group from baseline. The adherence-to-protocol rate based on self-report was 78%. Conclusions: Home training with elastic bands appears to be an effective low-cost modality of maintaining strength and function in an elderly population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Home training
  • Muscle strength
  • Satisfaction
  • Strength training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing

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