Efficacia di un intervento educativo infermieristico in pazienti ricoverati per una sindrome coronarica acuta

Translated title of the contribution: Effectiveness of a nurse-led educational intervention for patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome

Fausto Avanzini, Paola di Giulio, Raffaella Amodeo, Sabina Baldo, Maria Luisa Bergna, Giovanna Busi, Liliana Carlino, Fabio Colombo, Roberta Cotza, Anna de Ponti, Egidia di Rocco, Catia Marigliani, Eva Negri, Maria Carla Roncaglioni, Ivan Saltarel, Loredana Sorbara, Alessandra Tavani, Mario de Martini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To assess the effectiveness of a nurse-led class with phone follow-up, to help patients achieve lifestyle changes after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods. Each patient ≤75 years, admitted to a intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU) for ACS from September 2003 to December 2004, who attended the education class (case) was matched with two patients paired for age, sex and admission time, admitted for ACS to ICCUs in the other hospitals in the same area (controls). One year later the two groups were blindly interviewed on the phone, using a structured questionnaire about their lifestyles. Results. One-hundred-nineteen cases and 238 controls were phoned and 84% cases and 61% controls completed the interview. Cases reported a more correct lifestyle: they ate ≥4 portions/day of fruit or vegetables (55% vs. 36%, p=0.003) and ≥2 portions/week of fish (48% vs. 32%, p=0.010), reported ≥30 min/day of physical activity (67% vs. 59%, p=0.262) and stopped smoking (82% vs. 71% of previous smokers, p=0.264). Conclusion. An educational intervention led by cardiology nurses, with a group meeting and personal phone follow-up, improved lifestyle habits one year after an ACS.

Translated title of the contributionEffectiveness of a nurse-led educational intervention for patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)16-23
Number of pages8
JournalAssistenza infermieristica e ricerca : AIR
Volume30
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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