Effectiveness of a nurse-managed protocol to prevent hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients with diabetes

Giuseppe Marelli, Fausto Avanzini, Giuseppe Iacuitti, Enrico Planca, Ilaria Frigerio, Giovanna Busi, Liliana Carlino, Laura Cortesi, Maria Carla Roncaglioni, Emma Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hypoglycemia due to inadequate carbohydrate intake is a frequent complication of insulin treatment of diabetic in-patients. Objective. To assess the effectiveness of a nurse-managed protocol to prevent hypoglycemia during subcutaneous insulin treatment. Design. Prospective pre-post-intervention study. Methods. In 350 consecutive diabetic in-patients the incidence of hypoglycemia (blood glucose <70 mg/dL) during subcutaneous insulin treatment was assessed before (phase A) and after (phase B) the protocol was adopted to permit (1) the patient to opt for substitutive food to integrate incomplete carbohydrate intake in the meal; (2) in case of lack of appetite or repeatedly partial intake of the planned food, prandial insulin administered at the end of the meal to be related to the actual amount of carbohydrates eaten; (3) intravenous infusion of glucose during prolonged fasting. Results. Eighty-four patients in phase A and 266 in phase B received subcutaneous insulin for median periods of, respectively, 7 (Q1-Q3 6-12) and 6 days (Q1-Q3 4-9). Hypoglycemic events declined significantly from 0.34 ± 0.33 per day in phase A to 0.19 ± 0.30 in phase B (P > 0.001). Conclusions. A nurse-managed protocol focusing on carbohydrate intake reduced the incidence of hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes receiving subcutaneous insulin in hospital.

Original languageEnglish
Article number173956
JournalJournal of Diabetes Research
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Hypoglycemia
Nurses
Insulin
Carbohydrates
Incidence
Blood Glucose
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Marelli, G., Avanzini, F., Iacuitti, G., Planca, E., Frigerio, I., Busi, G., ... Riva, E. (2015). Effectiveness of a nurse-managed protocol to prevent hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients with diabetes. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2015, [173956]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/173956

Effectiveness of a nurse-managed protocol to prevent hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients with diabetes. / Marelli, Giuseppe; Avanzini, Fausto; Iacuitti, Giuseppe; Planca, Enrico; Frigerio, Ilaria; Busi, Giovanna; Carlino, Liliana; Cortesi, Laura; Roncaglioni, Maria Carla; Riva, Emma.

In: Journal of Diabetes Research, Vol. 2015, 173956, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marelli, G, Avanzini, F, Iacuitti, G, Planca, E, Frigerio, I, Busi, G, Carlino, L, Cortesi, L, Roncaglioni, MC & Riva, E 2015, 'Effectiveness of a nurse-managed protocol to prevent hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients with diabetes', Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 2015, 173956. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/173956
Marelli, Giuseppe ; Avanzini, Fausto ; Iacuitti, Giuseppe ; Planca, Enrico ; Frigerio, Ilaria ; Busi, Giovanna ; Carlino, Liliana ; Cortesi, Laura ; Roncaglioni, Maria Carla ; Riva, Emma. / Effectiveness of a nurse-managed protocol to prevent hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients with diabetes. In: Journal of Diabetes Research. 2015 ; Vol. 2015.
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