Effectiveness of a single education and counseling intervention in reducing anxiety in women undergoing hysterosalpingography: A randomized controlled trial

Alfredo La Fianza, Caterina Dellafiore, Daniele Travaini, Davide Broglia, Francesca Gambini, Luigia Scudeller, Carmine Tinelli, Edgardo Caverzasi, Natascia Brondino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is generally considered a stressful and painful procedure; we aimed to evaluate whether a single education and counseling intervention could reduce women's distress and pain after undergoing HSG for infertility. Patients were randomized into control group (n=108) and intervention group (n=109). All patients filled the following questionnaires before and after HSG: Zung self-rating anxiety scale (Z-SAS), Zung self-rating depression scale (Z-SDS), and an ad hoc questionnaire designed to evaluate HSG procedure knowledge. Pain was scored using a visual analog scale. The intervention consisted in a 45-minute individualised session 48 h before HSG. We observed a reduction of anxiety and depression scores in the intervention arm compared to the control group. After controlling for potential confounding variables, intervention was an independent predictor of the difference of Z-SAS score before and after HSG. This is the first randomised controlled trial to assess the potential effectiveness of a single education and counseling intervention to lower anxiety in a diagnostic setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number598293
JournalTheScientificWorldJournal
Volume2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Hysterosalpingography
Counseling
Anxiety
Randomized Controlled Trials
Education
education
infertility
Depression
Pain
Control Groups
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Visual Analog Scale
Infertility
woman
trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Effectiveness of a single education and counseling intervention in reducing anxiety in women undergoing hysterosalpingography : A randomized controlled trial. / La Fianza, Alfredo; Dellafiore, Caterina; Travaini, Daniele; Broglia, Davide; Gambini, Francesca; Scudeller, Luigia; Tinelli, Carmine; Caverzasi, Edgardo; Brondino, Natascia.

In: TheScientificWorldJournal, Vol. 2014, 598293, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Broglia, Davide

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AU - Scudeller, Luigia

AU - Tinelli, Carmine

AU - Caverzasi, Edgardo

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