Effectiveness of hyaluronate-based pessaries in the treatment of vulvovaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women

R. E. Nappi, M. Kotek, A. Brešt’anský, N. Giordan, E. Tramentozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of hyaluronic acid-based vaginal pessaries (Hydeal-D) in the treatment of vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA). Study design: The study was a prospective, multicenter clinical investigation of VVA topical treatment in 40 postmenopausal women. Patients applied one Hydeal-D pessary every 3 days for 3 months. Main outcome measures: The primary endpoint was the amelioration of VVA signs after treatment, evaluated by measuring the change from baseline of the Vaginal Health Index (VHI) score. Secondary endpoints included the evaluation of other VVA-related signs and symptoms, safety, and patient-reported and clinician-reported satisfaction and treatment tolerability. Results: The 3-month treatment with Hydeal-D vaginal pessaries showed efficacy for all analyzed endpoints. Improvement exceeded threshold values of VVA diagnosis, sexual dysfunction, and distress, confirming clinically relevant amelioration of VVA symptoms. Changes from baseline conditions confirmed significant improvement of all parameters including the VHI, vaginal pH, patients’ perception of VVA symptoms, sexual function, and vaginal maturation. Patients’ overall satisfaction was very high after 1 month of treatment and increased further after 3 months. No severe adverse events were reported. Conclusions: Significant amelioration of VVA-related signs indicates that Hydeal-D vaginal pessaries are an effective, safe, and well-tolerated non-hormonal therapeutic option for VVA in postmenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020


  • hyaluronic acid
  • menopause
  • vaginal dryness
  • vaginal pessaries
  • Vulvovaginal atrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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