Effectiveness of nebivolol and hydrochlorothiazide association on blood pressure, glucose, and lipid metabolism in hypertensive patients.

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Abstract

Only 50% of hypertensive patients receive an appropriate treatment to normalize blood pressure (BP). Although monotherapy is often adequate in normalizing BP, it is sometimes necessary to start with combination therapy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of nebivolol alone and in association with hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) in reducing BP in hypertensive patients with new-onset, mild-to-moderate hypertension, and to assess the effect of combination therapy on glucose and lipid metabolism. At enrollment, patients underwent a full cardiovascular and metabolic evaluation. Patients were then prescribed nebivolol (5 mg/day). After 1 month, in those patients whose BP was not normalized, HCT 12.5 mg was added and increased further to 25 mg after 1 month in those whose BP still was not normalized. All patients were assessed at monthly intervals for a further 5 months. We enrolled 233 treatment-naive patients. After the first month of treatment with nebivolol, 70% of patients had normalized BP. The addition of HCT increased responder rates to 94%. An improvement in glucose metabolism was noted with nebivolol alone (at 1 month, the reduction in Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance [HOMA-IR] was 26% and remained stable at 6 months); the adjunct of HCT blunted the reduction in HOMA-IR. No significant changes on lipid profile were noted with nebivolol, either alone or in combination therapy. Nebivolol is effective in mild-to-moderate hypertension and associated with favorable metabolic effects. The addition of HCT optimizes BP control in a high number of patients resistant to monotherapy without a negative impact on patients' glucose and lipid profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-664
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Therapy
Volume27
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Medicine(all)

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