BACKGROUND: Dopamine Replacement Therapy (DRT) represents the most effective treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). Nevertheless, several symptoms are unresponsive to treatment and its long-term use leads to serious side effects. To optimize the pharmacological management of PD, dopamine-agonists are often prescribed to "de-novo" patients. Moreover, several studies have shown the effectiveness and the synergic effect of rehabilitation in treating PD.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the synergism between DRT and rehabilitation in treating PD, by investigating the short and the long-term effectiveness of a multidisciplinary, intensive and goal-based rehabilitation treatment (MIRT) in a group of patients treated with Rotigotine.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter, single blinded, parallel-group, 1:1 allocation ratio, randomized, non-inferiority trial, 36 "de-novo" PD patients were evaluated along 18 months: 17 were treated with Rotigotine plus MIRT; 19 were treated with Rotigotine alone (R). The primary outcome measure was the total score of Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). The secondary outcomes included the UPDRS sub-sections II and III (UPDRS II-III), the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) and the amount of Rotigotine. Patients were evaluated at baseline (T0), 6 months (T1), 1 year (T2), and at 18 months (T3).
RESULTS: No differences in UPDRS scores in the two groups (total score, III part and II part, p = 0.48, p = 0.90 and p = 0.40, respectively) were found in the time course. Conversely, a greater improvement in Rotigotine + MIRT group was observed for 6MWT (p < 0.0001) and TUG (p = 0.03). Along time, the dosage of Rotigotine was higher in patients who did not undergo MIRT, at all observation times following T0.
CONCLUSIONS: Over the course of 18 months, the effectiveness of the combined treatment (Rotigotine + MIRT) on the patients' global clinical status, evaluated with total UPDRS, was not inferior to that of the pharmacological treatment with Rotigotine alone. Importantly, rehabilitation allowed patients to gain better motor performances with lower DRT dosage.
- Analysis of Variance
- Dopamine Agonists/therapeutic use
- Exercise Therapy
- Follow-Up Studies
- Middle Aged
- Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
- Parkinson Disease/drug therapy
- Single-Blind Method
- Tetrahydronaphthalenes/therapeutic use
- Thiophenes/therapeutic use
- Time Factors
- Treatment Outcome