Conservation measures, and particularly the selection of protected areas, at least in Italy, have always preferred areas characterised by low levels of human presence and intervention. One of the most evident consequences of this situation is the great disparity in the protection level afforded to the species with different ecological needs, e.g. those linked to woodland vs. those living in open habitats, above all in farmland. The object of this paper is to stress the effectiveness of the Italian protected area network in the protection of bird species breeding in agricultural landscapes. Starting from a national open-habitat breeding bird list, using the data of the MITO 2000 project (Italian breeding birds monitoring project), we have built for each of them a national-scale ecological model, comparing the percentage of suitable habitat occurring inside and outside four different protected-area types (National Parks, Other Protected Areas, Natura 2000 sites and IBAs). Models were built using MaxEnt, a presence-only modelling method. Our results show, with some differences among species, how the national protected areas system fails to guarantee an acceptable level of protection for farmland species, while those breeding in mountain open-habitat have a quite good protection rate.
|Number of pages||14|
|Issue number||SPEC. DECEMBER|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2010|
- Farmland birds
- Protected areas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics