Effector functions of natural killer cell subsets in the control of hematological malignancies

Angela Gismondi, Helena Stabile, Paolo Nisti, Angela Santoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Treatment of hematological malignant disorders has been improved over the last years, but high relapse rate mainly attributable to the presence of minimal residual disease still persists. Therefore, it is of great interest to explore novel therapeutic strategies to obtain long-term remission. Immune effector cells, and especially natural killer (NK) cells, play a crucial role in the control of hematological malignancies. In this regard, the efficiency of allogeneic stem cell transplantation clearly depends on the immune-mediated graft versus leukemia effect without the risk of inducing graft versus host disease. Alloreactive donor NK cells generated following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation ameliorate the outcome of leukemia patients; in addition, in vivo transfer of in vitro expanded NK cells represents a crucial tool for leukemia treatment. To improve NK cell effector functions against resistant leukemia cells, novel immunotherapeutic strategies are oriented to the identification, isolation, expansion, and administration of particular NK cell subsets endowed with multifunctional anti-tumor potential and tropism toward tumor sites. Moreover, the relationship between the emergence and persistence of distinct NK cell subsets during post-graft reconstitution and the maintenance of a remission state is still rather unclear.

Original languageEnglish
Article number567
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Issue numberNOV
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Hematological malignancies
  • HSCT
  • NK cell subsets
  • NK cell therapy
  • NK cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy


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