Effects of 3-aminobenzamide, an inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, in a mouse model of acute pancreatitis induced by cerulein

Emanuela Mazzon, Tiziana Genovese, Rosanna Di Paola, Carmelo Muià, Concetta Crisafulli, Giuseppe Malleo, Emanuela Esposito, Rosaria Meli, Edoardo Sessa, Salvatore Cuzzocrea

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Abstract

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a nuclear enzyme activated by strand breaks in DNA, plays an important role in the colon injury associated with experimental colitis. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB), an inhibitor of PARP activity, in the development of acute pancreatitis caused by cerulein in mice. Intraperitoneal injection of cerulein in mice resulted in severe, acute pancreatitis characterized by oedema, neutrophil infiltration and necrosis and elevated serum levels of amylase and lipase. Infiltration of pancreatic and lung tissue with neutrophils (measured as increase in myeloperoxidase activity) was associated with enhanced expression of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and P-selectin. Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated a marked increase in the staining (immunoreactivity) for transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the pancreas of cerulein-treated mice in comparison to sham-treated mice. Acute pancreatitis in vehicle-treated mice was also associated with a significant mortality (40% survival at 5 days after cerulein administration). In contrast, (1) the degree of pancreatic inflammation and tissue injury (histological score), (2) upregulation/formation of ICAM-1 and P-selectin, (4) neutrophils infiltration and (5) the expression of TGF-β and VEGF was markedly reduced in pancreatic tissue obtained from cerulein-treated mice which have been treated with 3-AB. These findings provide the evidence that PARP inhibition reduce the degree of pancreas injury caused by acute pancreatitis induced by cerulein administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-156
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume549
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 7 2006

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Keywords

  • Adhesion molecules
  • Inflammation
  • Neutrophil infiltration
  • Pancreatitis
  • PARP [Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase]

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

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