Effects of a 12-week neck muscles training on muscle function and perceived level of muscle soreness in amateur rugby players

F. Maconi, M. Venturelli, E. Limonta, S. Rampichini, A. V. Bisconti, E. Monti, S. Longo, F. Esposito, E. Cè

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Neck injuries are the most frequent traumatism in rugby at all levels of the game. Strengthening and mobilizing the neck musculature has often been indicated as a possible strategy to reduce the perceived level of muscle soreness and number of neck injuries. Still, the efficacy of such intervention is under debate. Purpose: This study assessed the efficacy of a 12-week training for neck muscle strength and mobility in reducing the level of perceived soreness in amateur rugby players. Methods: The perceived soreness of the neck muscles was recorded before, immediately and 24 h after 12 rugby matches in amateur rugby players (NT, n = 12) and controls (Ctrl, n = 11). The neck range of motion (ROM), the maximum voluntary force (MVC), and surface electromyogram (EMG) of the neck muscles were evaluated before and after 12-week neck muscle training (3 sessions per week, 35 min each). Training consisted of isometric and concentric contractions, and passive stretching of the neck muscles. From EMG, the root mean square (RMS) was calculated. Results: After 4 weeks, the perceived soreness of neck muscles was lower in NT than in Ctrl (P < 0.05), and decreased further during the next 8 weeks (P < 0.05). After training, MVC, EMG RMS and ROM increased in NT but not in Ctrl (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The introduction of a specific training program focusing on neck muscle strength and mobility improved the perceived soreness and muscle function of neck muscles in amateur rugby players. Its inclusion within the normal training routine of amateur rugby players should, therefore, be strongly recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-452
Number of pages10
JournalSport Sciences for Health
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Neck Muscles
Football
Myalgia
Muscles
Electromyography
Neck Injuries
Muscle Strength
Articular Range of Motion
Neck
Muscle Stretching Exercises
Isometric Contraction
Education

Keywords

  • Cervical spine
  • Electromyogram
  • Force
  • Prevention
  • Stretching
  • Traumatism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Effects of a 12-week neck muscles training on muscle function and perceived level of muscle soreness in amateur rugby players. / Maconi, F.; Venturelli, M.; Limonta, E.; Rampichini, S.; Bisconti, A. V.; Monti, E.; Longo, S.; Esposito, F.; Cè, E.

In: Sport Sciences for Health, Vol. 12, No. 3, 01.12.2016, p. 443-452.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maconi, F, Venturelli, M, Limonta, E, Rampichini, S, Bisconti, AV, Monti, E, Longo, S, Esposito, F & Cè, E 2016, 'Effects of a 12-week neck muscles training on muscle function and perceived level of muscle soreness in amateur rugby players', Sport Sciences for Health, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 443-452. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-016-0314-9
Maconi, F. ; Venturelli, M. ; Limonta, E. ; Rampichini, S. ; Bisconti, A. V. ; Monti, E. ; Longo, S. ; Esposito, F. ; Cè, E. / Effects of a 12-week neck muscles training on muscle function and perceived level of muscle soreness in amateur rugby players. In: Sport Sciences for Health. 2016 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 443-452.
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AU - Venturelli, M.

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AU - Rampichini, S.

AU - Bisconti, A. V.

AU - Monti, E.

AU - Longo, S.

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AU - Cè, E.

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KW - Cervical spine

KW - Electromyogram

KW - Force

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KW - Stretching

KW - Traumatism

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