Effects of acute and chronic sleep deprivation on cardiovascular regulation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sleep is a fundamental physiological process, characterized by the activation of several cortical and subcortical neural networks. The relation between sleep and cardiovascular system is complex and bidirectional: sleep disorders may alter cardiovascular system, leading to an increased cardiovascular risk, while, on the contrary, cardiovascular diseases are characterized by an alteration of physiological sleep. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays a key role in the regulation of cardiovascular functions during different sleep stages, with sympatho-vagal balance dynamically shifting towards sympathetic or vagal predominance across different sleep stages. Sleep deprivation (SD) has becoming one of the most relevant health problem in modern societies. SD can be related to aging, which is associated with increased sleep fragmentation, and to sleep disorders, such as sleep disordered breathing and neurological disorders. Experimental studies in animals showed that SD significantly affects cardiovascular functions, altering heart rate and blood pressure responses, and increasing sympathetic activity and neuroendocrine response to stressor stimuli. Clinical studies in humans have shown that SD, either due to experimental sleep loss and to sleep disorders, can affect different biological pathways, such as cardiovascular autonomic control, inflammation, immunity responses and metabolism. All these alterations may predispose subjects with SD to an increased cardiovascular risk. Hence, it is fundamental to identify the presence of a sleep disorder, which could be per se responsible for sleep loss, or the presence of sleep deprivation due to other factors, such as social life, habits etc., in order to identify subjects at high risk for cardiovascular events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalArchives Italiennes de Biologie
Volume152
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Sympathetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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