Effects of acute and long-term slow breathing exercise on muscle sympathetic nerve activity in untreated male patients with hypertension

Dagmara Hering, Wieslawa Kucharska, Tomas Kara, Virend K. Somers, Gianfranco Parati, Krzysztof Narkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Acute slow breathing (SLOWB) affects sympathetic cardiovascular regulation, but its long-term effects are unknown. Using device-guided breathing we explored short-term and long-term SLOWB effects on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in essential hypertension. Methods: We measured BP, HR and MSNA in 10 hypertensive individuals at rest, during laboratory stressors, before and after acute SLOWB, and 8 weeks after SLOWB exercise. Twelve matched hypertensive controls underwent a similar protocol excluding SLOWB intervention. Office and 24-h BP were obtained at baseline and at follow-up. Results: Acute SLOWB had no influence on BP, HR, but decreased MSNA (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-746
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

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Breathing Exercises
Respiration
Hypertension
Muscles
Blood Pressure
Heart Rate
Myocardium
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • essential hypertension
  • laboratory stressors
  • slow breathing
  • sympathetic activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Effects of acute and long-term slow breathing exercise on muscle sympathetic nerve activity in untreated male patients with hypertension. / Hering, Dagmara; Kucharska, Wieslawa; Kara, Tomas; Somers, Virend K.; Parati, Gianfranco; Narkiewicz, Krzysztof.

In: Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 31, No. 4, 04.2013, p. 739-746.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hering, Dagmara ; Kucharska, Wieslawa ; Kara, Tomas ; Somers, Virend K. ; Parati, Gianfranco ; Narkiewicz, Krzysztof. / Effects of acute and long-term slow breathing exercise on muscle sympathetic nerve activity in untreated male patients with hypertension. In: Journal of Hypertension. 2013 ; Vol. 31, No. 4. pp. 739-746.
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