Effects of age and obesity on fasting gastric electrical activity in man: A cutaneous electrogastrographic study

G. Riezzo, F. Pezzolla, I. Giorgio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the effects of age and obesity on the fasting cutaneous electrogastrogram (EGGc) by studying both young and aged, healthy men. All subjects underwent an electrogastrographic recording lasting 1 h, and frequency and power data were obtained by means of spectral analysis. In order to make a precise comparison of the data, each subject's body mass index (BMI) was calculated and each age group was subdivided into nonobese subjects, those with a BMI of less than 24.9 kg/m2, and obese subjects, those with a BMI of more than 25 kg/m2. Comparison of the mean frequency values of the gastric spectral peak did not reveal statistically significant differences among the groups (young vs. old, nonobese vs. obese). Comparison of the mean power values of the gastric spectral peak, on the other hand, showed that there was a statistically significant reduction in spectral power in the aged subjects compared with the young (p = 0.017 in the aged vs. young nonobese subjects and p = 0.009 in the aged vs. young obese subjects), and in the obese subjects compared with the nonobese (p = 0.00021 in the young and p = 0.00029 in the aged). Frequency, therefore, is the parameter of gastric electrical activity which may best be studied by means of EGGc as it is only very slightly affected by physiological parameters, such as age and the adiposity of subjects. EGGc, therefore, could be useful in the study of those gastric diseases associated with disorders in gastric electrical rhythm and rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalDigestion
Volume50
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Age
  • Cutaneous electrogastrography
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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