Effects of aircraft noise on annoyance, sleep disorders, and blood pressure among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy

Michele Carugno, Pietro Imbrogno, Alberto Zucchi, Roberta Ciampichini, Carmen Tereanu, Giuseppe Sampietro, Giorgio Barbaglio, Bruno Pesenti, Francesco Barretta, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Dario Consonni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aircraft noise may cause several non-auditory health effects, including annoyance, sleep disorders, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and impaired cognitive skills in children.

OBJECTIVES: To perform a cross-sectional study among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy to investigate the association between aircraft noise, annoyance, sleep disorders, blood pressure levels, and prevalence of hypertension.

METHODS: Residential addresses of subjects aged 45-70 years were geocoded and classified in three groups according to noise levels: <60 (Reference), 60-65 (Zone A), and 65-75 dBA (Zone B). A sample of subjects was invited to undergo a personal interview and blood pressure measurements. Multiple linear and robust Poisson regression models were used to analyze quantitative and categorical variables, respectively.

RESULTS: Between June and September 2013, we enrolled 400 subjects (166 in the Reference Zone, 164 in Zone A, and 70 in Zone B). Compared to the Reference Zone, we found elevated adjusted annoyance scores (day and night) in Zone A (+2.7) and Zone B (+4.0) (p<0.001) and about doubled proportions of severely annoyed subjects (p<0.001). Reported sleep disorders in the previous month were also more frequent in Zones A and B. Sleep disorders in general were 19.9% in the Reference Zone, 29.9% in Zone A, and 35.7% in Zone B (p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: We found a strong association between aircraft noise levels, annoyance, and sleep disorders among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport. We found no relationship with blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-263
Number of pages11
JournalMedicina del Lavoro
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 28 2018

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Airports
Aircraft
Italy
Noise
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Geographic Mapping
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Sleep Wake Disorders
Interviews
Health

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Effects of aircraft noise on annoyance, sleep disorders, and blood pressure among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy. / Carugno, Michele; Imbrogno, Pietro; Zucchi, Alberto; Ciampichini, Roberta; Tereanu, Carmen; Sampietro, Giuseppe; Barbaglio, Giorgio; Pesenti, Bruno; Barretta, Francesco; Bertazzi, Pier Alberto; Pesatori, Angela Cecilia; Consonni, Dario.

In: Medicina del Lavoro, Vol. 109, No. 4, 28.08.2018, p. 253-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carugno, M, Imbrogno, P, Zucchi, A, Ciampichini, R, Tereanu, C, Sampietro, G, Barbaglio, G, Pesenti, B, Barretta, F, Bertazzi, PA, Pesatori, AC & Consonni, D 2018, 'Effects of aircraft noise on annoyance, sleep disorders, and blood pressure among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy', Medicina del Lavoro, vol. 109, no. 4, pp. 253-263. https://doi.org/10.23749/mdl.v109i4.7271
Carugno, Michele ; Imbrogno, Pietro ; Zucchi, Alberto ; Ciampichini, Roberta ; Tereanu, Carmen ; Sampietro, Giuseppe ; Barbaglio, Giorgio ; Pesenti, Bruno ; Barretta, Francesco ; Bertazzi, Pier Alberto ; Pesatori, Angela Cecilia ; Consonni, Dario. / Effects of aircraft noise on annoyance, sleep disorders, and blood pressure among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy. In: Medicina del Lavoro. 2018 ; Vol. 109, No. 4. pp. 253-263.
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T1 - Effects of aircraft noise on annoyance, sleep disorders, and blood pressure among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy

AU - Carugno, Michele

AU - Imbrogno, Pietro

AU - Zucchi, Alberto

AU - Ciampichini, Roberta

AU - Tereanu, Carmen

AU - Sampietro, Giuseppe

AU - Barbaglio, Giorgio

AU - Pesenti, Bruno

AU - Barretta, Francesco

AU - Bertazzi, Pier Alberto

AU - Pesatori, Angela Cecilia

AU - Consonni, Dario

PY - 2018/8/28

Y1 - 2018/8/28

N2 - BACKGROUND: Aircraft noise may cause several non-auditory health effects, including annoyance, sleep disorders, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and impaired cognitive skills in children.OBJECTIVES: To perform a cross-sectional study among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy to investigate the association between aircraft noise, annoyance, sleep disorders, blood pressure levels, and prevalence of hypertension.METHODS: Residential addresses of subjects aged 45-70 years were geocoded and classified in three groups according to noise levels: <60 (Reference), 60-65 (Zone A), and 65-75 dBA (Zone B). A sample of subjects was invited to undergo a personal interview and blood pressure measurements. Multiple linear and robust Poisson regression models were used to analyze quantitative and categorical variables, respectively.RESULTS: Between June and September 2013, we enrolled 400 subjects (166 in the Reference Zone, 164 in Zone A, and 70 in Zone B). Compared to the Reference Zone, we found elevated adjusted annoyance scores (day and night) in Zone A (+2.7) and Zone B (+4.0) (p<0.001) and about doubled proportions of severely annoyed subjects (p<0.001). Reported sleep disorders in the previous month were also more frequent in Zones A and B. Sleep disorders in general were 19.9% in the Reference Zone, 29.9% in Zone A, and 35.7% in Zone B (p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: We found a strong association between aircraft noise levels, annoyance, and sleep disorders among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport. We found no relationship with blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension.

AB - BACKGROUND: Aircraft noise may cause several non-auditory health effects, including annoyance, sleep disorders, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and impaired cognitive skills in children.OBJECTIVES: To perform a cross-sectional study among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport (BGY), Italy to investigate the association between aircraft noise, annoyance, sleep disorders, blood pressure levels, and prevalence of hypertension.METHODS: Residential addresses of subjects aged 45-70 years were geocoded and classified in three groups according to noise levels: <60 (Reference), 60-65 (Zone A), and 65-75 dBA (Zone B). A sample of subjects was invited to undergo a personal interview and blood pressure measurements. Multiple linear and robust Poisson regression models were used to analyze quantitative and categorical variables, respectively.RESULTS: Between June and September 2013, we enrolled 400 subjects (166 in the Reference Zone, 164 in Zone A, and 70 in Zone B). Compared to the Reference Zone, we found elevated adjusted annoyance scores (day and night) in Zone A (+2.7) and Zone B (+4.0) (p<0.001) and about doubled proportions of severely annoyed subjects (p<0.001). Reported sleep disorders in the previous month were also more frequent in Zones A and B. Sleep disorders in general were 19.9% in the Reference Zone, 29.9% in Zone A, and 35.7% in Zone B (p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: We found a strong association between aircraft noise levels, annoyance, and sleep disorders among adult residents near the Orio al Serio International Airport. We found no relationship with blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension.

U2 - 10.23749/mdl.v109i4.7271

DO - 10.23749/mdl.v109i4.7271

M3 - Article

VL - 109

SP - 253

EP - 263

JO - Medicina del Lavoro

JF - Medicina del Lavoro

SN - 0025-7818

IS - 4

ER -