Effects of altering the interval between the stimulus and the reflex response in the analysis of the baroreceptor control of the sinus and atrioventricular nodes in man

A. U. Ferrari, A. Cavallazzi, L. Gregorini, R. Perondi, A. Daffonchio, G. Mancia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Baroreceptor control of the sinus node may be determined by raising or lowering blood pressure with intravenous bolus injections of phenylephrine or glyceryl trinitrate and calculating the slope of the linear regression between the drug induced changes in systolic blood pressure and RR interval using shift 1 coupling - namely, coupling of each systolic blood pressure value with the interval of the following cardiac cycle. To assess whether shift 1 coupling provides the best linear fit and the highest regression slope nine subjects received phenylephrine and glyceryl trinitrate injections both during spontaneous sinus rhythm and during atrial pacing to evaluate baroreflex control of the sinus and of the atrioventricular node respectively. In regression analysis of the data, for each drug injection nine different shifts (from 0 to 8) were used to couple systolic blood pressure with RR or StQ intervals. When the mean results from all subjects were compared the use of shift 1 was equal or superior to the use of any other shift for both the RR and the StQ interval responses evoked by either phenylephrine or glyceryl trinitrate. In many instances, however, the shift that provided the highest correlation and regression coefficient was different from shift 1, and the use of these best individual shifts provided results considerably different from those obtained with the standard shift 1. It is concluded that in the regression analysis of baroreflex cardiac responses to vasoactive drugs the regular use of shift 1 does not invariably provide the best estimation of baroreflex sensitivity. This is better achieved by calculating the best shift in individual responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-390
Number of pages6
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume21
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

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