Effects of altitude on effort tolerance in non-acclimatized patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction

Margherita Vona, Giorgio Mazzuero, Alessandro Lupi, Carlo Vettorato, Pietro Bosso, Alain Cohen-Solal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Few studies exist on the effects, in terms of work capacity and safety, of exposure to moderately high altitudes in patients with stable ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. Moreover no data are currently available on the cardiorespiratory response to walks in the mountains. AIM: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of altitude on effort tolerance during walks in the mountains and to determine whether exposure to altitude may be harmful to patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Forty-five patients with stable chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction=35±4%, and peak V O2 18/ml/kg per min in a preliminary effort test) were compared to 24 normal subjects. All subjects underwent a series of 6-min walking tests at three different altitudes: 500, 2000 and 2970 m above sea level. Cardiorespiratory response was assessed by a validated portable instrument. The resting arterial P O2 was measured at the three altitudes. RESULTS: No complications were observed during any tests in either the patients or the healthy controls. Overall, healthy subjects had higher values of 6-min walking test VO2 and walked longer distances in the test than did the patients with left ventricular dysfunction. The mean distances walked in the 6-min walking test were similar at 500 and at 2000 m in both the healthy controls and the patients; at 2970 m, however, the distances decreased in both groups, and more so in the patients (-11±3%) than in the controls (-5±2%) (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-624
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

Keywords

  • 6-minute walking test
  • Altitude tolerance
  • Left ventricular dysfunction
  • V

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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