Effects of an 8-week body-weight neuromuscular training on dynamic balance and vertical jump performances in elite junior skiing athletes: A randomized controlled trial

Jacopo A. Vitale, Antonio La Torre, Giuseppe Banfi, Matteo Bonato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week neuromuscular training program focused on core stability, plyometric, and body-weight strengthening exercises on dynamic postural control and vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Twenty-four Italian elite junior male skiers were recruited and randomized to either an experimental group (EG), performing neuromuscular warm-up exercises, (EG; n = 12; age 18 6 1 years; body mass 66 6 21 kg; height 1.70 6 0.1 m) or a control group (CG) involved in a standard warm-up (CG; n = 12; age 18 6 1 years; body mass 62 6 14 kg; height 1.73 6 0.1 m). lower quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT), countermovement jump (CMJ), and drop jump (DJ) at baseline (PRE) and at the end (POST) of the experimental procedures were performed. No significant differences between EG and CG were observed at baseline. Results showed that EG achieved positive effects from PRE to POST measures in the anterior, posteromedial, posterolateral directions, and composite score of YBT for both lower limbs, whereas no significant differences were detected for CG. Furthermore, 2-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni’s multiple comparisons test did not reveal any significant differences in CMJ and DJ for both EG and CG. The inclusion of an 8-week neuromuscular warm-up program led to positive effects in dynamic balance ability but not in vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Neuromuscular training may be an effective intervention to specifically increase lower limb joint awareness and postural control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-920
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume32
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Skiing
Athletes
Randomized Controlled Trials
Body Weight
Control Groups
Lower Extremity
Warm-Up Exercise
Analysis of Variance
Joints
Exercise
Education

Keywords

  • Core stability
  • Injury
  • Plyometrics
  • Ski
  • Y-balance test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

@article{1d76ec452e6b41fe8326c5941ae4b18a,
title = "Effects of an 8-week body-weight neuromuscular training on dynamic balance and vertical jump performances in elite junior skiing athletes: A randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week neuromuscular training program focused on core stability, plyometric, and body-weight strengthening exercises on dynamic postural control and vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Twenty-four Italian elite junior male skiers were recruited and randomized to either an experimental group (EG), performing neuromuscular warm-up exercises, (EG; n = 12; age 18 6 1 years; body mass 66 6 21 kg; height 1.70 6 0.1 m) or a control group (CG) involved in a standard warm-up (CG; n = 12; age 18 6 1 years; body mass 62 6 14 kg; height 1.73 6 0.1 m). lower quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT), countermovement jump (CMJ), and drop jump (DJ) at baseline (PRE) and at the end (POST) of the experimental procedures were performed. No significant differences between EG and CG were observed at baseline. Results showed that EG achieved positive effects from PRE to POST measures in the anterior, posteromedial, posterolateral directions, and composite score of YBT for both lower limbs, whereas no significant differences were detected for CG. Furthermore, 2-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni’s multiple comparisons test did not reveal any significant differences in CMJ and DJ for both EG and CG. The inclusion of an 8-week neuromuscular warm-up program led to positive effects in dynamic balance ability but not in vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Neuromuscular training may be an effective intervention to specifically increase lower limb joint awareness and postural control.",
keywords = "Core stability, Injury, Plyometrics, Ski, Y-balance test",
author = "Vitale, {Jacopo A.} and {La Torre}, Antonio and Giuseppe Banfi and Matteo Bonato",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "911--920",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of an 8-week body-weight neuromuscular training on dynamic balance and vertical jump performances in elite junior skiing athletes

T2 - A randomized controlled trial

AU - Vitale, Jacopo A.

AU - La Torre, Antonio

AU - Banfi, Giuseppe

AU - Bonato, Matteo

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week neuromuscular training program focused on core stability, plyometric, and body-weight strengthening exercises on dynamic postural control and vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Twenty-four Italian elite junior male skiers were recruited and randomized to either an experimental group (EG), performing neuromuscular warm-up exercises, (EG; n = 12; age 18 6 1 years; body mass 66 6 21 kg; height 1.70 6 0.1 m) or a control group (CG) involved in a standard warm-up (CG; n = 12; age 18 6 1 years; body mass 62 6 14 kg; height 1.73 6 0.1 m). lower quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT), countermovement jump (CMJ), and drop jump (DJ) at baseline (PRE) and at the end (POST) of the experimental procedures were performed. No significant differences between EG and CG were observed at baseline. Results showed that EG achieved positive effects from PRE to POST measures in the anterior, posteromedial, posterolateral directions, and composite score of YBT for both lower limbs, whereas no significant differences were detected for CG. Furthermore, 2-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni’s multiple comparisons test did not reveal any significant differences in CMJ and DJ for both EG and CG. The inclusion of an 8-week neuromuscular warm-up program led to positive effects in dynamic balance ability but not in vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Neuromuscular training may be an effective intervention to specifically increase lower limb joint awareness and postural control.

AB - The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week neuromuscular training program focused on core stability, plyometric, and body-weight strengthening exercises on dynamic postural control and vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Twenty-four Italian elite junior male skiers were recruited and randomized to either an experimental group (EG), performing neuromuscular warm-up exercises, (EG; n = 12; age 18 6 1 years; body mass 66 6 21 kg; height 1.70 6 0.1 m) or a control group (CG) involved in a standard warm-up (CG; n = 12; age 18 6 1 years; body mass 62 6 14 kg; height 1.73 6 0.1 m). lower quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT), countermovement jump (CMJ), and drop jump (DJ) at baseline (PRE) and at the end (POST) of the experimental procedures were performed. No significant differences between EG and CG were observed at baseline. Results showed that EG achieved positive effects from PRE to POST measures in the anterior, posteromedial, posterolateral directions, and composite score of YBT for both lower limbs, whereas no significant differences were detected for CG. Furthermore, 2-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni’s multiple comparisons test did not reveal any significant differences in CMJ and DJ for both EG and CG. The inclusion of an 8-week neuromuscular warm-up program led to positive effects in dynamic balance ability but not in vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers. Neuromuscular training may be an effective intervention to specifically increase lower limb joint awareness and postural control.

KW - Core stability

KW - Injury

KW - Plyometrics

KW - Ski

KW - Y-balance test

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046786807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85046786807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 29401197

AN - SCOPUS:85046786807

VL - 32

SP - 911

EP - 920

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 4

ER -