U-46619 is a stable epoxymethano analogue of cyclic endoperoxide PGH2. We studied platelet aggregation, 14C-5HT release, LDH extrusion and prostaglandin and thromboxane production induced by this compound in platelet-rich plasma samples from 15 healthy volunteers. Each subject was tested both before and 90 min after aspirin (500 mg) ingestion. The threshold aggregating concentration (TAC) of U-46619 ranged between 0.18 and 0.90 μM. Aggregation was maximal between 40 and 60 min after venipuncture and was concentration-dependent. At concentrations below the TAC, U-46619 induced primary reversible aggregation with minimal 14C-5HT release. At TAC or higher concentrations aggregation and release proceded as parallel events. Neither prostaglandin or thromboxane production nor LDH loss could be detected in any of the situations tested. Aspirin ingestion did not modify the pattern of platelet responses. In unstirred, not aggregated platelet samples 14C-5HT release by U-46619 occurred to a similar extent as in stirred, aggregated platelet samples. Addition to citrated PRP of 0.3 mM Na2 EDTA blocked both aggregation and release induced by U-46619. This compound, however, aggregated washed platelets resuspended in Ca++-free-tyrode-albumin containing fibrinogen. The mechanism by which U-46619 activates platelets differs from that of all other common aggregating agents.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - 1981|
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