Effects of anticonvulsants on spontaneous epileptiform activity which develops in the absence of chemical synaptic transmission in hippocampal slices

U. Heinemann, S. Franceschetti, B. Hamon, A. Konnerth, Y. Yaari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spontaneous epileptiform activity (SEA) develops in area CA1 of hippocampal slices, when the Ca2+ concentration in the perfusate is lowered to 0.2 mM, at which level evoked chemical synaptic transmission is blocked. We investigated the effects of different anticonvulsants on this autonomous activity, in order to determine whether the antiepileptic effect can be ascribed to an influence on neuronal excitability. Carbamazepine was the most effective to block SEA at concentrations of 1-15 μM. Phenobarbital and phenytoin depressed SEA at concentrations of 25 μM. Valproate was effective at concentrations of 2-5 mM. Midazolam, a water-soluble benzodiazepine agonist and the N-methyl-d-aspartate antagonists, d-α-aminoadipic acid and 2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid were ineffective in blocking SEA suggesting that they exert their antiepileptic action by interference with synaptic mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-352
Number of pages4
JournalBrain Research
Volume325
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 1985

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Synaptic Transmission
Anticonvulsants
2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid
Midazolam
Carbamazepine
Valproic Acid
Phenytoin
Phenobarbital
Benzodiazepines
Aspartic Acid
Acids
Water

Keywords

  • anticonvulsants
  • antiepileptic drugs
  • carbamazepine
  • hippocampus
  • low Ca concentration
  • midazolam
  • neuronal hyperactivity
  • phenobarbital
  • phenytoin
  • valproate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Effects of anticonvulsants on spontaneous epileptiform activity which develops in the absence of chemical synaptic transmission in hippocampal slices. / Heinemann, U.; Franceschetti, S.; Hamon, B.; Konnerth, A.; Yaari, Y.

In: Brain Research, Vol. 325, No. 1-2, 28.01.1985, p. 349-352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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