Effects of cognitive and motor rehabilitation in non-convulsive status epilepticus: A case report

Francesco Corallo, Viviana Lo Buono, Marcella Di Cara, Simona De Salvo, Giuliana Vermiglio, Patrizia Pollicino, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino, Carmela Rifici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent and unpredictable interruptions of normal brain function, that implies neurobiologic, psychological, and social consequences. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an electro-clinical state associated to altered level of consciousness. In NCSE could occur the behavioural and emotional disorder, cognitive impairment and psychiatric disorder with a negative impact on quality of life and adaptive social behaviours. Cognitive rehabilitation for epileptic patients may include internal compensation strategies, external memory aids, psychoeducation, verbal and visual memory training, attention exercise and executive functions. We described the cognitive rehabilitation in a patient with NCSE characterized by an unusual cognitive impairment. A 55-year-old female patient, with epileptic seizures presented a severe impairment in cognitive function and focal neurological deficit. The cognitive treatment was designed as a combination of direct training of the impaired functions and metacognitive training to facilitate the development of compensatory strategies and it was divided into three methods. Neuropsychological evaluation showed a progressive deficit of high cognitive functions. The patient after cognitive rehabilitation, demonstrated a significant recovery of motor abilities, despite the neuro-cognitive profile was abnormal. Several advances have been made in this field but few studies on neuropsychological rehabilitation in adult patients with NCSE have been conducted and no standardized protocol or clinical guidelines are still available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-139
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Status Epilepticus
Rehabilitation
Cognition
Epilepsy
Consciousness Disorders
Aptitude
Social Behavior
Psychological Adaptation
Executive Function
Clinical Protocols
Nervous System Diseases
Psychiatry
Quality of Life
Learning
Guidelines
Exercise
Psychology
Brain
Cognitive Dysfunction

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Cognitive Remediation/methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Nervous System Diseases/etiology
  • Quality of Life
  • Status Epilepticus/complications

Cite this

Effects of cognitive and motor rehabilitation in non-convulsive status epilepticus : A case report. / Corallo, Francesco; Lo Buono, Viviana; Di Cara, Marcella; De Salvo, Simona; Vermiglio, Giuliana; Pollicino, Patrizia; Bramanti, Placido; Marino, Silvia; Rifici, Carmela.

In: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, Vol. 54, 08.2018, p. 137-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4dc2a841154d46a4ba8c539ff31463e1,
title = "Effects of cognitive and motor rehabilitation in non-convulsive status epilepticus: A case report",
abstract = "Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent and unpredictable interruptions of normal brain function, that implies neurobiologic, psychological, and social consequences. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an electro-clinical state associated to altered level of consciousness. In NCSE could occur the behavioural and emotional disorder, cognitive impairment and psychiatric disorder with a negative impact on quality of life and adaptive social behaviours. Cognitive rehabilitation for epileptic patients may include internal compensation strategies, external memory aids, psychoeducation, verbal and visual memory training, attention exercise and executive functions. We described the cognitive rehabilitation in a patient with NCSE characterized by an unusual cognitive impairment. A 55-year-old female patient, with epileptic seizures presented a severe impairment in cognitive function and focal neurological deficit. The cognitive treatment was designed as a combination of direct training of the impaired functions and metacognitive training to facilitate the development of compensatory strategies and it was divided into three methods. Neuropsychological evaluation showed a progressive deficit of high cognitive functions. The patient after cognitive rehabilitation, demonstrated a significant recovery of motor abilities, despite the neuro-cognitive profile was abnormal. Several advances have been made in this field but few studies on neuropsychological rehabilitation in adult patients with NCSE have been conducted and no standardized protocol or clinical guidelines are still available.",
keywords = "Cognition, Cognitive Remediation/methods, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Nervous System Diseases/etiology, Quality of Life, Status Epilepticus/complications",
author = "Francesco Corallo and {Lo Buono}, Viviana and {Di Cara}, Marcella and {De Salvo}, Simona and Giuliana Vermiglio and Patrizia Pollicino and Placido Bramanti and Silvia Marino and Carmela Rifici",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.jocn.2018.06.024",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "137--139",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Neuroscience",
issn = "0967-5868",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of cognitive and motor rehabilitation in non-convulsive status epilepticus

T2 - A case report

AU - Corallo, Francesco

AU - Lo Buono, Viviana

AU - Di Cara, Marcella

AU - De Salvo, Simona

AU - Vermiglio, Giuliana

AU - Pollicino, Patrizia

AU - Bramanti, Placido

AU - Marino, Silvia

AU - Rifici, Carmela

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent and unpredictable interruptions of normal brain function, that implies neurobiologic, psychological, and social consequences. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an electro-clinical state associated to altered level of consciousness. In NCSE could occur the behavioural and emotional disorder, cognitive impairment and psychiatric disorder with a negative impact on quality of life and adaptive social behaviours. Cognitive rehabilitation for epileptic patients may include internal compensation strategies, external memory aids, psychoeducation, verbal and visual memory training, attention exercise and executive functions. We described the cognitive rehabilitation in a patient with NCSE characterized by an unusual cognitive impairment. A 55-year-old female patient, with epileptic seizures presented a severe impairment in cognitive function and focal neurological deficit. The cognitive treatment was designed as a combination of direct training of the impaired functions and metacognitive training to facilitate the development of compensatory strategies and it was divided into three methods. Neuropsychological evaluation showed a progressive deficit of high cognitive functions. The patient after cognitive rehabilitation, demonstrated a significant recovery of motor abilities, despite the neuro-cognitive profile was abnormal. Several advances have been made in this field but few studies on neuropsychological rehabilitation in adult patients with NCSE have been conducted and no standardized protocol or clinical guidelines are still available.

AB - Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent and unpredictable interruptions of normal brain function, that implies neurobiologic, psychological, and social consequences. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an electro-clinical state associated to altered level of consciousness. In NCSE could occur the behavioural and emotional disorder, cognitive impairment and psychiatric disorder with a negative impact on quality of life and adaptive social behaviours. Cognitive rehabilitation for epileptic patients may include internal compensation strategies, external memory aids, psychoeducation, verbal and visual memory training, attention exercise and executive functions. We described the cognitive rehabilitation in a patient with NCSE characterized by an unusual cognitive impairment. A 55-year-old female patient, with epileptic seizures presented a severe impairment in cognitive function and focal neurological deficit. The cognitive treatment was designed as a combination of direct training of the impaired functions and metacognitive training to facilitate the development of compensatory strategies and it was divided into three methods. Neuropsychological evaluation showed a progressive deficit of high cognitive functions. The patient after cognitive rehabilitation, demonstrated a significant recovery of motor abilities, despite the neuro-cognitive profile was abnormal. Several advances have been made in this field but few studies on neuropsychological rehabilitation in adult patients with NCSE have been conducted and no standardized protocol or clinical guidelines are still available.

KW - Cognition

KW - Cognitive Remediation/methods

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Nervous System Diseases/etiology

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Status Epilepticus/complications

U2 - 10.1016/j.jocn.2018.06.024

DO - 10.1016/j.jocn.2018.06.024

M3 - Article

C2 - 29908718

VL - 54

SP - 137

EP - 139

JO - Journal of Clinical Neuroscience

JF - Journal of Clinical Neuroscience

SN - 0967-5868

ER -