Effects of coronary occlusion on arterial baroreflex control of heart rate and vascular resistance

B. Trimarco, B. Ricciardelli, A. Cuocolo, M. Volpe, N. De Luca, A. F. Mele, M. Condorelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study was planned 1) to assess whether circumflex coronary occlusion (CO) impaires the arterial baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) and hindlimb vascular resistance (HVR), and 2) to determine the mechanisms involved in the mediation of these phenomena. Increasing doses of phenylephrine and nitroglycerin were given intravenously to anesthetized dogs with constant flow-perfused hindlimb before and during 30-s CO. The reflex responses were assessed by the changes in HR and hindlimb perfusion pressure evoked by changes in arterial pressure following phenylephrine and nitroglycerin administration. During CO, there was an attenuation of the reflex control of HR and HVR as compared with control conditions. The application of lidocaine on the left ventricular epicardial surface was able to prevent the effect of CO on both the baroreflex responses. The intravenous administration of atropine prevented only the impairment in arterial baroreflex control of HR induced by CO. After the injection of phentolamine into the perfused hindlimb, the baroreflex had no effect on HVR either before or during CO. Finally, intravenous administration of propranolol failed to modify the effect of CO on both the baroreflex responses. These data indicate that CO attenuates the arterial baroreflex control of both HR and HVR through the stimulation of left ventricular receptors. The effect on HR is mediated by the parasympathetic system, whereas the effect on HVR is due to sympathetic efferents.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume252
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1987

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this