Effects of device-guided slow breathing training on exercise capacity, cardiac function, and respiratory patterns during sleep in male and female patients with chronic heart failure

Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Grzegorz Bilo, Tomasz Drozdz, Dorota Dȩbicka-Dabrowska, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Gabriella Malfatto, Katarzyna Styczkiewicz, Carolina Lombardi, Agnieszka Bednarek, Sabrina Salerno, Danuta Czarnecka, Gianfranco Parati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Slow breathing training (SBT) has been proposed as a new nonpharmacologic treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of SBT on exercise capacity, hemodynamic parameters, and sleep respiratory patterns in a relatively large sample of CHF patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A crossover open study was conducted. Patients completed, in a random order, 10- to 12-week SBT, with 2 15-minute sessions of device-guided SBT each day, reaching 6 breaths/min, and a 10- to 12-week follow-up under standard care. Clinical data collection, polysomnography, echocardiography, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), and laboratory tests were performed. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients (74 men, 22 women) in New York Heart Association classes I-III, with an average age of 65 years and an ejection fraction (EF) of 31%, completed the study. Home-based SBT was safe. After training, EF and 6MWT distance improved (EF: 31.3% ±7.3% vs 32.3% ±7.7%; P = 0.030; 6MWT: 449.9 ±122.7 m vs 468.3 ±121.9 m; P <0.001), and the apnea-hypopnea index decreased (5.6 [interquartile range (IQR), 2.1; 12.8] vs. 5.4 [IQR, 2.0; 10.8]; P = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: SBT improved physical capacity and systolic heart function; it also diminished sleep disturbances. The results support the benefits of SBT as a novel component of cardiorespiratory rehabilitation programs in patients with CHF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalPolish Archives of Internal Medicine
Volume127
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Chronic heart failure
  • Sleep apnea
  • Slow breathing training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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