Effects of diet on biomarkers of exposure and effects, and on oxidative damage

Sara Raimondi, Seymour Garte, Radim J. Sram, Blanka Binkova, Ivan Kalina, K. Lyubomirova, Emanuela Taioli, Rajinder Singh, Peter B. Farmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Modification of DNA is believed to be a key step in carcinogenesis, and therefore DNA adducts have been proposed as predictive biomarkers of human cancer. Smoked and grilled foods are important contributors of PAH-DNA adduct levels, while the consumption of flavonoids and other antioxidants seems to decrease the level of DNA adducts. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of each group of foods and of different dietary profiles on the DNA adducts levels and on oxidative damage to DNA. Occupationally exposed men were recruited in Czech Republic, Slovak Republic and Bulgaria. Non-occupationally exposed subjects were matched on age and gender to PAH-exposed workers. Three hundred and fifty-six subjects who completed the questionnaire for dietary information and had a measurement of DNA adduct levels and oxidative damage to DNA were included in this study. No food item seemed to be individually associated with markers of exposure or DNA damage. Total DNA adducts levels were significantly higher for subjects who had eaten, in the previous 24 h, smoked or fried food. A Principal Components Analysis was performed to identify groups of subjects with similar dietary profiles: no significant differences in biomarker levels were observed among the groups defined according to dietary profiles. In conclusion, this study did not show any significant association between diet and biomarkers of DNA damage, oxidative damage to DNA and chromosomal aberrations, neither when each food was considered separately, nor when the effect of different dietary profiles was tested. The recent consumption of smoked or fried food was associated with an increase in total DNA adducts levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-102
Number of pages10
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume620
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007

Keywords

  • Diet
  • DNA adducts
  • Oxidative DNA damage
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Molecular Biology

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