Effects of dual inhibition of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system on cardiovascular and renal outcomes: balancing the risks and the benefits

Giuliano Tocci, Barbara Citoni, Vivianne Presta, Giovanna Leoncini, Francesca Viazzi, Barbara Bonino, Massimo Volpe, Roberto Pontremoli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Chronic kidney disease is a worldwide health problem often burdened by severe cardiovascular complications. Hypertension represents one of the most important risk factor in affecting cardiovascular profile of chronic kidney disease patients. Since renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system plays a major role in determining cardiovascular outcome, guidelines recommend the use of renin-angiotensin-aldosteron inhibitors in order to control hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternal and Emergency Medicine
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Dec 21 2019


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