Effects of eight weeks of aerobic interval training and of isoinertial resistance training on risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases and exercise capacity in healthy elderly subjects

Paolo Bruseghini, Elisa Calabria, Enrico Tam, Chiara Milanese, Eugenio Oliboni, Andrea Pezzato, Silvia Pogliaghi, Gian Luca Salvagno, Federico Schena, Roberto Pozzi Mucelli, Carlo Capelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the effect of 8 weeks of high intensity interval training (HIT) and isoinertial resistance training (IRT) on cardiovascular fitness, muscle mass-strength and risk factors of metabolic syndrome in 12 healthy older adults (68 yy ± 4). HIT consisted in 7 two-minute repetitions at 80%-90% of , 3 times/w. After 4 months of recovery, subjects were treated with IRT, which included 4 sets of 7 maximal, bilateral knee extensions/flexions 3 times/w on a leg-press flywheel ergometer. HIT elicited significant: i) modifications of selected anthropometrical features; ii) improvements of cardiovascular fitness and; iii) decrease of systolic pressure. HIT and IRT induced hypertrophy of the quadriceps muscle, which, however, was paralleled by significant increases in strength only after IRT. Neither HIT nor IRT induced relevant changes in blood lipid profile, with the exception of a decrease of LDL and CHO after IRT. Physiological parameters related with aerobic fitness and selected body composition values predicting cardiovascular risk remained stable during detraining and, after IRT, they were complemented by substantial increase of muscle strength, leading to further improvements of quality of life of the subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16998-17015
Number of pages18
JournalOncotarget
Volume6
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Resistance Training
Healthy Volunteers
Exercise
Muscle Strength
Quadriceps Muscle
Body Composition
Hypertrophy
Leg
Knee
Quality of Life
High-Intensity Interval Training
Blood Pressure
Lipids

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cardiovascular fitness
  • High intensity interval training
  • Isoinertial resistance training
  • Metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Cite this

Effects of eight weeks of aerobic interval training and of isoinertial resistance training on risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases and exercise capacity in healthy elderly subjects. / Bruseghini, Paolo; Calabria, Elisa; Tam, Enrico; Milanese, Chiara; Oliboni, Eugenio; Pezzato, Andrea; Pogliaghi, Silvia; Salvagno, Gian Luca; Schena, Federico; Mucelli, Roberto Pozzi; Capelli, Carlo.

In: Oncotarget, Vol. 6, No. 19, 2015, p. 16998-17015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bruseghini, P, Calabria, E, Tam, E, Milanese, C, Oliboni, E, Pezzato, A, Pogliaghi, S, Salvagno, GL, Schena, F, Mucelli, RP & Capelli, C 2015, 'Effects of eight weeks of aerobic interval training and of isoinertial resistance training on risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases and exercise capacity in healthy elderly subjects', Oncotarget, vol. 6, no. 19, pp. 16998-17015.
Bruseghini, Paolo ; Calabria, Elisa ; Tam, Enrico ; Milanese, Chiara ; Oliboni, Eugenio ; Pezzato, Andrea ; Pogliaghi, Silvia ; Salvagno, Gian Luca ; Schena, Federico ; Mucelli, Roberto Pozzi ; Capelli, Carlo. / Effects of eight weeks of aerobic interval training and of isoinertial resistance training on risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases and exercise capacity in healthy elderly subjects. In: Oncotarget. 2015 ; Vol. 6, No. 19. pp. 16998-17015.
@article{acf2457121614a8a80fe3526186c4bc1,
title = "Effects of eight weeks of aerobic interval training and of isoinertial resistance training on risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases and exercise capacity in healthy elderly subjects",
abstract = "We investigated the effect of 8 weeks of high intensity interval training (HIT) and isoinertial resistance training (IRT) on cardiovascular fitness, muscle mass-strength and risk factors of metabolic syndrome in 12 healthy older adults (68 yy ± 4). HIT consisted in 7 two-minute repetitions at 80{\%}-90{\%} of , 3 times/w. After 4 months of recovery, subjects were treated with IRT, which included 4 sets of 7 maximal, bilateral knee extensions/flexions 3 times/w on a leg-press flywheel ergometer. HIT elicited significant: i) modifications of selected anthropometrical features; ii) improvements of cardiovascular fitness and; iii) decrease of systolic pressure. HIT and IRT induced hypertrophy of the quadriceps muscle, which, however, was paralleled by significant increases in strength only after IRT. Neither HIT nor IRT induced relevant changes in blood lipid profile, with the exception of a decrease of LDL and CHO after IRT. Physiological parameters related with aerobic fitness and selected body composition values predicting cardiovascular risk remained stable during detraining and, after IRT, they were complemented by substantial increase of muscle strength, leading to further improvements of quality of life of the subjects.",
keywords = "Aging, Cardiovascular fitness, High intensity interval training, Isoinertial resistance training, Metabolic syndrome",
author = "Paolo Bruseghini and Elisa Calabria and Enrico Tam and Chiara Milanese and Eugenio Oliboni and Andrea Pezzato and Silvia Pogliaghi and Salvagno, {Gian Luca} and Federico Schena and Mucelli, {Roberto Pozzi} and Carlo Capelli",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "16998--17015",
journal = "Oncotarget",
issn = "1949-2553",
publisher = "Impact Journals LLC",
number = "19",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of eight weeks of aerobic interval training and of isoinertial resistance training on risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases and exercise capacity in healthy elderly subjects

AU - Bruseghini, Paolo

AU - Calabria, Elisa

AU - Tam, Enrico

AU - Milanese, Chiara

AU - Oliboni, Eugenio

AU - Pezzato, Andrea

AU - Pogliaghi, Silvia

AU - Salvagno, Gian Luca

AU - Schena, Federico

AU - Mucelli, Roberto Pozzi

AU - Capelli, Carlo

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - We investigated the effect of 8 weeks of high intensity interval training (HIT) and isoinertial resistance training (IRT) on cardiovascular fitness, muscle mass-strength and risk factors of metabolic syndrome in 12 healthy older adults (68 yy ± 4). HIT consisted in 7 two-minute repetitions at 80%-90% of , 3 times/w. After 4 months of recovery, subjects were treated with IRT, which included 4 sets of 7 maximal, bilateral knee extensions/flexions 3 times/w on a leg-press flywheel ergometer. HIT elicited significant: i) modifications of selected anthropometrical features; ii) improvements of cardiovascular fitness and; iii) decrease of systolic pressure. HIT and IRT induced hypertrophy of the quadriceps muscle, which, however, was paralleled by significant increases in strength only after IRT. Neither HIT nor IRT induced relevant changes in blood lipid profile, with the exception of a decrease of LDL and CHO after IRT. Physiological parameters related with aerobic fitness and selected body composition values predicting cardiovascular risk remained stable during detraining and, after IRT, they were complemented by substantial increase of muscle strength, leading to further improvements of quality of life of the subjects.

AB - We investigated the effect of 8 weeks of high intensity interval training (HIT) and isoinertial resistance training (IRT) on cardiovascular fitness, muscle mass-strength and risk factors of metabolic syndrome in 12 healthy older adults (68 yy ± 4). HIT consisted in 7 two-minute repetitions at 80%-90% of , 3 times/w. After 4 months of recovery, subjects were treated with IRT, which included 4 sets of 7 maximal, bilateral knee extensions/flexions 3 times/w on a leg-press flywheel ergometer. HIT elicited significant: i) modifications of selected anthropometrical features; ii) improvements of cardiovascular fitness and; iii) decrease of systolic pressure. HIT and IRT induced hypertrophy of the quadriceps muscle, which, however, was paralleled by significant increases in strength only after IRT. Neither HIT nor IRT induced relevant changes in blood lipid profile, with the exception of a decrease of LDL and CHO after IRT. Physiological parameters related with aerobic fitness and selected body composition values predicting cardiovascular risk remained stable during detraining and, after IRT, they were complemented by substantial increase of muscle strength, leading to further improvements of quality of life of the subjects.

KW - Aging

KW - Cardiovascular fitness

KW - High intensity interval training

KW - Isoinertial resistance training

KW - Metabolic syndrome

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938281004&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938281004&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84938281004

VL - 6

SP - 16998

EP - 17015

JO - Oncotarget

JF - Oncotarget

SN - 1949-2553

IS - 19

ER -