Background: The enhancement of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) obtained by exercise training can be beneficial to patients with cardiac disease. Changes in the levels and differentiation of CD34pos/KDRpos EPCs, as well as the plasma concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 EPC-mobilizing cytokines, were evaluated in patients with chronic heart failure after 8 weeks of supervised aerobic training (SAT) and 8 weeks of subsequent discontinued SAT (DSAT). Methods and Results: The levels of circulating EPC and EPC differentiation potential of 22 patients who underwent SAT were studied by fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis and colony forming-unit assay, respectively. The plasma levels of VEGF and SDF-1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In response to SAT, the levels of both EPC and VEGF/SDF-1 markedly increased (P <.001 vs baseline) but returned to the baseline levels after DSAT. A similar change was observed with the EPC clonogenic potential, but on DSAT the baseline level was incompletely attained. Conclusions: In response to SAT, patients with chronic heart failure show enhanced EPC levels and clonogenic potential that is mirrored by increased plasma VEGF and SDF-1 levels. DSAT can interfere with the maintenance of training-acquired VEGF/SDF-1-related EPC levels and clonogenic potential.
- Colony forming unit
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine