Effects of fatigue on the electromechanical delay components in gastrocnemius medialis muscle

Susanna Rampichini, Emiliano Cè, Eloisa Limonta, Fabio Esposito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Under electrically evoked contractions, the time interval between the onset of the stimulation pulse (Stim) and the beginning of force (F) development can be partitioned (DelayTOT), by an electromyographic (EMG), mechanomyographic (MMG) and F combined approach, into three components each containing different parts of the electrochemical and mechanical processes underlying neuromuscular activation and contraction. The aim of the study was to evaluate inter- and intra-operator reliability of the measurements and to assess the effects of fatigue on the different DelayTOT components. Methods: Sixteen participants underwent two sets of tetanic stimulations of the gastrocnemius medialis muscle, with 10 min of rest in between. After a fatiguing protocol of 120 s, tetanic stimulations were replicated. The same protocol was repeated on a different day. Stim, EMG, MMG and F signals were recorded during contraction. DelayTOT and its three components (between Stim and EMG, Δt Stim-EMG; between EMG and MMG, Δt EMG-MMG and between MMG and F, Δt MMG-F) were calculated. Results: Before fatigue, DelayTOT, Δt Stim-EMG, Δt EMG-MMG and Δt MMG-F lasted 27.5 ± 0.9, 1.4 ± 0.1, 9.2 ± 0.5 and 16.8 ± 0.7 ms, respectively. Fatigue lengthened DelayTOT, Δt Stim-EMG, Δt EMG-MMG and Δt MMG-F by 18, 7, 16 and 22 %, respectively. Δt Stim-EMG, Δt EMG-MMG and Δt MMG-F contributed to DelayTOT lengthening by 2, 27 and 71 %, respectively. Reliability was always from high to very high. Conclusions: The combined approach allowed a reliable calculation of the three contributors to DelayTOT. The effects of fatigue on each Delay TOT component could be precisely assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-651
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


  • Electrically evoked contraction
  • EMG
  • Isometric contraction
  • MMG
  • Recovery
  • Reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of fatigue on the electromechanical delay components in gastrocnemius medialis muscle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this