Effects of frontal and sagittal thorax attitudes in gait on trunk and pelvis three-dimensional kinematics

Mickaël Begon, Alberto Leardini, Claudio Belvedere, Nader Farahpour, Paul Allard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


While sagittal trunk inclinations alter upper body biomechanics, little is known about the extent of frontal trunk bending on upper body and pelvis kinematics in adults during gait and its relation to sagittal trunk inclinations. The objective was to determine the effect of the mean lateral trunk attitude on upper body and pelvis three-dimensional kinematics during gait in asymptomatic subjects. Three gait cycles were collected in 30 subjects using a motion analysis system (Vicon 612) and an established protocol. Sub-groups were formed based on the mean thorax lateral bending angle, bending side, and also sagittal tilt. These were compared based on 38 peak angles identified on pelvis, thorax and shoulder kinematics using MANOVAs. A main effect for bending side (p = 0.038) was found, especially for thorax peak angles. Statistics revealed also a significant interaction (p = 0.04993) between bending side and tilt for the thorax sagittal inclination during body-weight transfer. These results reinforce the existence of different gait patterns, which correlate upper body and pelvis motion measures. The results also suggest that frontal and sagittal trunk attitude should be considered carefully when treating a patient with impaired gait.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1032-1036
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015



  • Coupling motion
  • Gait analysis
  • Kinematics
  • Pelvis
  • Trunk tilt inclination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biophysics

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