Modified lipoproteins have been suggested to modulate the expression of matrix-degrading proteases in the vascular wall. Since oxidized high density lipoprotein (HDL) has been found in atheromatous plaques and receptors for modified HDL are present on endothelial cells, we investigated the role of native and oxidized HDL3 on the expression of 35 proteases and their inhibitors in human endothelial cells using microarray analysis. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, -2, -10, -13 and -14, tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-1, -2 and -3, cathepsin B and D, and cystatin C were expressed under basal conditions, of which MMP-10 and cystatin C expression have not been described before in endothelial cells. Native HDL3 increased MMP-1 and MMP-14 expression and decreased MMP-13 expression, whereas oxidized HDL3 increased PAI-1 and MMP-1 expression. The expression pattern was confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. In summary, a large repertoire of matrix-degrading proteases is expressed in endothelial cells, an expression that can be modulated by native and oxidized HDL3.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Molecular Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2003|
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