Effects of Hemodiafiltration versus Conventional Hemodialysis in Children with ESKD: The HDF, Heart and Height Study

Rukshana Shroff, Colette Smith, Bruno Ranchin, Aysun K. Bayazit, Constantinos J. Stefanidis, Varvara Askiti, Karolis Azukaitis, Nur Canpolat, Ayşe Ağbaş, Helen Aitkenhead, Ali Anarat, Bilal Aoun, Daley Aofolaju, Sevcan Azime Bakkaloglu, Devina Bhowruth, Dagmara Borzych-Dużałka, Ipek Kaplan Bulut, Rainer Büscher, John Deanfield, Claire DempsterAli Duzova, Sandra Habbig, Wesley Hayes, Shivram Hegde, Saoussen Krid, Christoph Licht, Mieczyslaw Litwin, Mark Mayes, Sevgi Mir, Rose Nemec, Lukasz Obrycki, Fabio Paglialonga, Stefano Picca, Charlotte Samaille, Mohan Shenoy, Manish D. Sinha, Brankica Spasojevic, Lynsey Stronach, Enrico Vidal, Karel Vondrák, Alev Yilmaz, Ariane Zaloszyc, Michel Fischbach, Claus Peter Schmitt, Franz Schaefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Hypertension and cardiovascular disease are common in children undergoing dialysis. Studies suggest that hemodiafiltration (HDF) may reduce cardiovascular mortality in adults, but data for children are scarce. METHODS: The HDF, Heart and Height study is a nonrandomized observational study comparing outcomes on conventional hemodialysis (HD) versus postdilution online HDF in children. Primary outcome measures were annualized changes in carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) SD score and height SD score. RESULTS: We enrolled 190 children from 28 centers; 78 on HD and 55 on HDF completed 1-year follow-up. The groups were comparable for age, dialysis vintage, access type, dialysis frequency, blood flow, and residual renal function. At 1 year, cIMT SD score increased significantly in children on HD but remained static in the HDF cohort. On propensity score analysis, HD was associated with a +0.47 higher annualized cIMT SD score compared with HDF. Height SD score increased in HDF but remained static in HD. Mean arterial pressure SD score increased with HD only. Factors associated with higher cIMT and mean arterial pressure SD-scores were HD group, higher ultrafiltration rate, and higher β2-microglobulin. The HDF cohort had lower β2-microglobulin, parathyroid hormone, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein at 1 year; fewer headaches, dizziness, or cramps; and shorter postdialysis recovery time. CONCLUSIONS: HDF is associated with a lack of progression in vascular measures versus progression with HD, as well as an increase in height not seen in the HD cohort. Patient-related outcomes improved among children on HDF correlating with improved BP control and clearances. Confirmation through randomized trials is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-691
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019


  • cardiovascular disease
  • carotid intima-media thickness
  • children
  • growth
  • hemodiafiltration (HDF)
  • hemodialysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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