Effects of human recombinant type I IFNs (IFN-α2b and IFN-β1a) on growth and migration of primary endometrial stromal cells from women with deeply infiltrating endometriosis: A preliminary study

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Abstract

Objective(s): Endometriosis is a major cause of infertility and disability for women, caused by the presence of inflammatory endometrial implants in extrauterine locations. Among the constituents involved in the immune response during the development of endometriosis, several chemokines, including interferons (IFNs) may have a role in the pathogenesis of this disease. The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the anti-proliferative and anti-migratory activities of type I IFNs (IFN-α2b and IFN-β1a) in primary endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) isolated from women with deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). Study Design: The study subjects included 7 women ranged in the age from 27 to 37 years with diagnosis of DIE (Stage III and IV). Collected primary ESC monolayers, isolated from endometriotic nodules, were incubated with various concentrations (from 1 to 1000 IU/ml) of IFN-α2b or IFN-β1a. Result(s): IFN-β1a had a significantly higher activity in hampering the proliferation of cells compared to IFN-α2b. This effect could be related to the induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in S phase, observed in ESCs during incubation with IFN-β1a. Moreover, IFN-β1a was more potent than IFN-α2b in inhibiting migration and EGF-induced ERK activity of primary ESCs. Conclusion(s): The inhibitory in vitro effect on ESC proliferation and migration of IFN-β1a was much more potent than IFN-α2b. These preliminary data offer the rationale for future preclinical and clinical trials using IFN-β1a as a new tool for the therapy and tertiary prevention in patients with DIE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-198
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume230
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • Endometriosis
  • Migration
  • Proliferation
  • Type I interferons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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