Effects of insulin therapy with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in diabetic patients: Comparison with multi-daily insulin injections therapy (MDI)

Giuseppe Derosa, Pamela Maffioli, Angela D'Angelo, Sibilla At Salvadeo, Ilaria Ferrari, Elena Fogari, Roberto Mereu, Alessia Gravina, Ilaria Palumbo, Sabrina Randazzo, Arrigo F G Cicero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compared the effects of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and multi-daily insulin injections therapy (MDI) on glicemic control and on lipid profile in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. We divided the patients in two groups: in the first one (n=32) CSII was administered, in the second one (n=32) MDI was administered. HbA1c value was lower after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months with CSII compared to MDI. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) value was lower with CSII after 3, 6, and 12 months compared to MDI. Post-prandial glucose (PPG) value was lower in the group with CSII after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months compared to MDI. A significant TC decrease was observed in the group treated with CSII at 9, and 12 months while a significant TC increase was observed with MDI at 6, and 12 months. A significant LDL-C decrease was obtained with CSII after 9, and 12 months while no significant changes were observed with MDI. A significant HDL-C increase was observed with CSII after 12 months. A significant Tg decrease was observed with CSII after 12 months while a significant Tg increase was observed with MDI at 6, and at 12 months. CSII therapy allows a faster and better achievement of the therapeutic target and also gives an improvement of the lipid profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-578
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrine Journal
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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