Effects of intraoral aging on surface properties of coated nickel-titanium archwires

Roberto Rongo, Gianluca Ametrano, Antonio Gloria, Gianrico Spagnuolo, Angela Galeotti, Sergio Paduano, Rosa Valletta, Vincenzo D'Antò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate the effects of intraoral aging on surface properties of esthetic and conventional nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwires. Materials and Methods: Five NiTi wires were considered for this study (Sentalloy, Sentalloy High Aesthetic, Superelastic Titanium Memory Wire, Esthetic Superelastic Titanium Memory Wire, and EverWhite). For each type of wire, four samples were analyzed as received and after 1month of clinical use by an atomic force microscope (AFM) and a scanning electronic microscope (SEM). To evaluate sliding resistance, two stainless steel plates with three metallic or three monocrystalline brackets, bonded in passive configuration, were manufactured; four as-received and retrieved samples for every wire were pulled five times at 5 mm/min for 1 minute by means of an Instron 5566, recording the greatest friction value (N). Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and by Student's t-test. Results: After clinical use, surface roughness increased considerably. The SEM images showed homogeneity for the as-received control wires; however, after clinical use esthetic wires exhibited a heterogeneous surface with craters and bumps. The lowest levels of friction were observed with the as-received Superelastic Titanium Memory Wire on metallic brackets. When tested on ceramic brackets, all the wires exhibited an increase in friction (t-test; P , .05). Furthermore, all the wires, except Sentalloy, showed a statistically significant increase in friction between the as-received and retrieved groups (t-test; P , .05). Conclusion: Clinical use of the orthodontic wires increases their surface roughness and the level of friction. (Angle Orthod. 2014;84:665-672.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-672
Number of pages8
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Orthodontic archwire
  • Retrieved analysis
  • Surface roughness
  • Surface treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics
  • Medicine(all)


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